Muong (Mường) is the closest relative of Vietnamese, the national language of Vietnam. Within the Vietic group of the Austroasiatic language family, the Northern Vietic subgroup (also known as "Viet-Muong") consists of Vietnamese and Muong. Among the language varieties which evolved historically out of Proto-Viet-Muong, Vietnamese gradually became the most widespread and influential; in Michel Ferlus's classification, all the other language varieties of this subgroup are referred to as "Muong". Linguistically speaking, the Nguồn language is also part of Muong.

Resources :

a All available resources here


The archived documents: vocabulary, and some narratives

The recordings made available here were conducted by Michel Ferlus, in collaboration with colleagues in Vietnam and Laos. They mostly contain lexical data; there are also some narratives. As Ferlus's field notes have not been verified item by item to finalize the word list, it was decided to put the data online without a transcription, rather than run the risk of publishing data that contain mistaken transcriptions.   


The EFEO-CNRS-SOAS Word List for Linguistic Fieldwork in Southeast Asia, used to elicit the vocabulary, is available here.

About the Mường language, see Ferlus (2004) and references therein: 

Ferlus, Michel. 2004. The Origin of Tones in Viet-Muong. In Somsonge Burusphat (ed.), Papers from the Eleventh Annual Conference of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society 2001, 297–313. Tempe, Arizona: Arizona State University Programme for Southeast Asian Studies Monograph Series Press.

Classification of the Vietic languages (a.k.a. Viet-Muong, Việt-Chứt) after Ferlus 1996, with links to the corresponding pages in the Pangloss Collection: 

1. Maleng 2. Arem 3. Chứt 4. Aheu 5. Hung 6. Thổ 7. Mường (this page) 8. Vietnamese

These materials were digitized by the International Research Institute MICA (HUST – CNRS/UMI-2954 – Grenoble INP) in partnership with CNRS-LACITO, as part of the DO-RE-MI-FA project (Sept. 2014-Feb. 2016), funded by the Digital Scientific Library, a programme of the French Ministry for Higher Education and Research. 



Last updated 2016.

Contact: Alexis Michaud


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