Titre de la page
 
na
Index z
zɑ˥
zɑ˧ɭɯ˧
zɑ˧zɑ˧
zɑ˩ a
zɑ˩-bɑ˧lɑ˩
zɑ˩ɲi˥-ʂɤ˩
ze˩
ze˩
ze˩bæ˧
ze˩bæ˩
ze˩gɤ˧
ze˩mi˩
ze˩v˩
ze˩v˩-ze˧mi˩
zo˥
zo˧ a
zo˧bæ˩
zo˧ɖɯ˧
zo˧hṽ˧-mv˥zo˩
zo˧hṽ˧˥
zo˧mv˥
zo˧ʂv˧kʰv˥ɲi˩tʰv˩
zo˧tv#˥
zo˧tv˧-mv˥tv˩
zo˧tʰi˧
zo˧tʰi˧
zo˧tɕi˥
zo˧zo˧-mv˧mv˥
zo˧ʐɤ#˥
zo˩bv˥li˩
zo˩no˧
zo˩qo˧
zɯ˥
zɯ˧
zɯ˧ b
zɯ˧hṽ˩
zɯ˧pv˩
zɯ˧-qʰɑ˧mi#˥
zɯ˧ɻ#˥
zɯ˧~zɯ˧
zɯ˩~zɯ˩
zɑ˥ adjective Tone: H.
restricted_to. 仅仅. morphosyntax.

ʁwɤ˧-qo˧-ɳɯ˧-lɑ˧ mɤ˧-zɑ˥ (…)
not only the people from the village
不仅有村子里的人
zɑ˧ɭɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: pʰo˧˥ classifier: castrated_pig. 阉猪. animal.
zɑ˧zɑ˧ adjective Tone: M.
careful. 细致. adjective.
zɑ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_descend. 下(山……). verb.

ʁwɤ˩ zɑ˩˥
to go down the mountain
下山

mɤ˧-zɑ˩-sɯ˩
not to go down yet
还没下来

ɖɯ˧-zɑ˧~zɑ˥-ɻ˩
delimitative _ red inceptive
下来一下
zɑ˩-bɑ˧lɑ˩ noun Tone: L-L#.
thangka_of_the_hearth. 火塘旁边墙上的唐卡. religion.
zɑ˩ɲi˥-ʂɤ˩ noun Tone: LH-.
vampire. 吸血鬼. society.
ze˩ pronoun Tone: L.
interrog .which . 哪. morphosyntax.
ze˩ adjective
pure. 纯洁. adjective.

mɤ˧-ʂo˩ F | le˧-ʂo˩-kʰɯ˩! | mɤ˧-ze˩ F | le˧-ze˩-kʰɯ˩!
Let what is not pure be purified! Let what is not clean be cleaned up!
让不干净的变得干净!让不纯洁的变得纯洁!(仪式用语)
ze˩bæ˧ pronoun Tone: LM.
which. 哪/哪种. morphosyntax.

ze˩bæ˧ ɲi˥?
Which one is it? / Which kind is it?
是哪个?是哪一样?
ze˩bæ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: bæ˩ thunderbolt. 闪电. natural environment.

ze˩bæ˩-ze˥!
There has been a flash of lightning!
打闪电了!

ze˩bæ˩˥ | -dʑo˩!
There are flashes of lightning!
打着闪电!
ze˩gɤ˧ pronoun Tone: LM.
which_place. 哪里. morphosyntax.
ze˩mi˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: niece. 甥女. society.
ze˩v˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: nephew. 外甥. society.
ze˩v˩-ze˧mi˩ noun Tone: L-L#.
nephews_and_nieces. 外甥甥女. society.
zo˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: son. 儿子. society.

zo˧ ɲi˥-kv˩
two sons
两个儿子

man. 男人.
zo˧ a verb Tone: Ma.
have_to. 应该. verb.

mɤ˧-zo˧ (-ze˧)! | tʰi˧-kwɤ˩-kʰɯ˩!
It's not necessary! Forget it!
不用了!算了吧!

ʈʂʰɯ˧ne˧-ʝi˥ | ʝi˧-zo˧-ho˥-ɲi˩!
That's how one must do! / That's how it's done!
是应该这样做的!
zo˧bæ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: idiot. 傻瓜. society.

mɤ˧-zo˧bæ˩!
No, (you) are not an idiot! (A reassuring answer to someone who deprecates himself as an idiot.)
(你)不是笨蛋!(情景:一个人批评自己是笨蛋,人家安慰他。)

zo˧bæ˩-mv˩bæ˩
silly people, idiots (of both sexes)
傻瓜们(不分男女)
zo˧ɖɯ˧ noun Tone: #H.
eldest_son. 大儿子. society.

zo˧ɖɯ˧-mv˥ɖɯ˩
eldest son and eldest daughter
大儿子与大女儿
zo˧hṽ˧-mv˥zo˩ noun Tone: MH#-.
descendants. 后代. society.

zo˧hṽ˧mv˥zo˩=ɻæ˩
_ associative
_ 联想复数
zo˧hṽ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: son. 儿子. society.

zo˧hṽ˧=ɻæ˥
the sons
儿子们

young_man. 青年男子.
zo˧mv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ child. 孩子. society.

zo˧mv˥ | æ˧mv˥tɕi˩-hĩ˩
newborn baby, infant
新生婴儿
zo˧ʂv˧kʰv˥ɲi˩tʰv˩ noun
orphan. 孤儿. society.

le˧-ko˧~ko˥ | po˧tsʰɯ˧ (+ tʰv˧-v˧ / zo˧mv˥)
[This child] has been adopted (literally "has been picked up")
(这个孩子)是被领养的。
zo˧tv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
only_son. 独生男孩. society.

zo˧tv˧ ɖɯ˧-v˧-lɑ˧ dʑo˧˥!
(She) just has an only son!
(她)只有一个独生男孩子!

ʂɯ˧-ɬi˧mi˧, | zo˧tv˧ ʐɤ˥-tʰɑ˩-se˩!
"In the seventh month, let not an only son take the road!" (The seventh month is the peak of the rainy season; it was considered as a wrong time for long travels.)
“七月份,独生子不要上路!”(七月份是大雨季,摩梭人认为七月份的路最不安全:有生命危险)
zo˧tv˧-mv˥tv˩ noun Tone: #H-.
only_child. 独生子. society.
zo˧tʰi˧ noun Tone: M.
intelligent_person. 聪明的人.

zo˧tʰi˧ ɖɯ˧-v˧
an intelligent person
一个聪明的人
zo˧tʰi˧ adjective Tone: M.
intelligent. 聪明. adjective.

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | zo˧tʰi˧ | ʐwæ˩˥!
He is very clever!
他很聪明!

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | mɤ˧-tʰi˧!
He is not clever!
他不聪明!
zo˧tɕi˥ noun Tone: H#.
youngest_son. 最小的儿子. society.

zo˧tɕi˥-mv˩tɕi˩
youngest son and youngest daughter
最小的儿子与女儿
zo˧zo˧-mv˧mv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ thingummy. 东西. object.
zo˧ʐɤ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
adoptive_son. 义子. society.
zo˩bv˥li˩ noun
universe. 宇宙. abstract.
zo˩no˧ adverb Tone: LM.
now. 现在. time.

zo˩no˥ | gɤ˩-ʈi˧!
She only just woke up! (Context: someone walks into the house in the afternoon, sees a little child playing, and notes: "She has got up!" The child's grandmother answers: "She only just woke up!")
刚起床! / 刚才才起床!
zo˩qo˧ pronoun Tone: LM.
where. 哪里. morphosyntax.

no˧ | zo˩qo˧ bi˧?
Where are you going?
你去哪里?

zo˩qo˧-ɳɯ˧ | tsʰɯ˩˥?
Where (are you) coming from?
从哪里来?

no˧ | hɑ˧ | zo˩qo˧ dzɯ˧-bi˧-pi˧, | ɖɯ˧-bæ˧ lɑ˧ ɲi˥!
No matter which one you choose: they're all the same! (Context: discussing the restaurant scene in Yongning; in the speaker's view, the newly opened restaurants all share the same qualities and shortcomings, for instance concerning hygiene.)
无论你到哪里去吃,都一样!(情景:新开的饭馆)

zo˩qo˧ tʰv˧?
Where are you? (Typical question when calling someone on their mobile phone)
你到哪里了?(打手机)
zɯ˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ grass. 草. plant.
zɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: life. 生命. body.

zɯ˧ ʂæ˧
long life
长命、长的人生

zɯ˧ ʂæ˧ hɑ̃˧-ʝi˧-kʰɯ˩!
May you have a long life!
祝你长寿!

zɯ˧ ɖæ˧
short life
短命
See: zɯ˧b
zɯ˧ b classifier Tone: Mb.
classifier: clf .life . 量词 .辈子 . classifier.

ɖɯ˧-zɯ˧
all of (one's) life, a lifetime
一辈子(的时间)
See: zɯ˧
zɯ˧hṽ˩ adjective Tone: L#.
green. 绿. adjective.

zɯ˧hṽ˩-ni˩gv˩
green
绿

zɯ˧hṽ˩ | ~zɯ˧hṽ˩-ni˩gv˩
all green, green all over
全绿
zɯ˧pv˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ hay. 干草. plant.
zɯ˧-qʰɑ˧mi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: po˧ sabai_grass. 蓑草. plant.
zɯ˧ɻ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ cheek. 腮. body.

zɯ˧ɻ˧ qʰwæ˩
to slap/smack someone's cheek
掌掴、打嘴巴
zɯ˧~zɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ljɤ˩ life. 生命. body.

hĩ˧-zɯ˧~zɯ˥$
human life
人生

hĩ˧ zɯ˧ | ʂæ˧ | ʐwæ˩˥
a very long life / life is very long
很长的人生 / 人生很长
zɯ˩~zɯ˩ verb Tone: L.
to_be_numb. 麻木. verb.

gv˧dv˧gv˧mi˧ | zɯ˩~zɯ˩˥
to be numb (whole body)
身体麻木、全身麻木

gv˧mi˧ | zɯ˩~zɯ˩˥
to be numb (whole body)
身体麻木、全身麻木

tʰi˧-zɯ˩~zɯ˩
dur red
dur red