Titre de la page
 
na
Index n
nɑ˥
nɑ˧ a
nɑ˧dʑi#˥
nɑ˧mi#˥
nɑ˧~nɑ˥
nɑ˧ʈʂʰõ˧-õ˩di˩-pɤ˩
nɑ˩ b
nɑ˩bɑ˧-ʁɑ˧ɭɯ#˥
nɑ˩dzi˧
nɑ˩hĩ#˥
nɑ˩kwɤ˧
nɑ˩mi#˥
nɑ˩mv˥-nɑ˩dzi˩dzi˩
nɑ˩pv˧-qʰwɤ˧
nɑ˩tsʰi˩
nɑ˩zo#˥
nɑ˩-ʐwɤ˥
nɑ˧˥
nɑ˩˧
næ˩-qʰæ˥ʈʂʰe˩
-ne
ni˥
ni˧fv˥
ni˧mi#˥
njæ˥-qv˩
njæ˧bæ˥
njæ˧-sɯ˩kv˩
njæ˧tsɯ˩
njæ˧-zɯ˩
njæ˩pʰv˧
njæ˩qwæ˧˥
njæ˩qʰæ#˥
njɤ˧di˧˥
njɤ˧kv˩
njɤ˧kv˩-njɤ˩tsʰɤ˩
njɤ˧lɑ˥
njɤ˧le˧gv#˥
njɤ˧mv˥
njɤ˧mv˥-mi˩
njɤ˧nɑ˩
njɤ˧ʈʂɤ˥
njɤ˩
njɤ˩ b
njɤ˩bi˥
njɤ˩-gɤ˧lɑ˩
njɤ˩kʰi#˥
njɤ˩ɭɯ˧
njɤ˩qʰwɤ˧˥
njɤ˩-tse˧~tse˩
njɤ˩ʈʂv˧˥
njɤ˧˥
njɤ˧˥
njɤ˧˥
njɤ˩˥
njo˥
njo˧
njo˧bi˧li˥
njo˩bi˥
njo˩kæ˧tɕi˩˥
njo˩pɤ˩lv˥
njo˩˥
no˧no˧
no˧no˧-ɖɯ˩mɑ˩
no˧=ɻ˩
no˧-sɯ˩kv˩
no˧zɯ˩
no˩
no˩bv˧
no˩qo˥
no˩zɯ˧˥
nv˥
nv˥
nv˧hṽ˩
nv˧hṽ˩-bi˩bi˩
nv˧pɤ˩
nv˧tv˥
nv˩dʑɯ˥
nv˩ho#˥
nv˩ɭɯ˧
nv˩mi˩
nv˩mi˩-ɖɯ˩
nv˩mi˩-ki˧ki˩
nv˩mi˩-ʈʰi˩
nv˩pi˧
nv˩tɕʰi#˥
nv˩tsɑ˧˥
nv˩ze˧
nɑ˥ adjective Tone: H.
serious. 严重. adjective.

mɤ˧-nɑ˥
not serious
不严重
nɑ˧ a classifier Tone: Ma.
clf .tools . 量词 .把 . classifier.
nɑ˧dʑi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
feminine_given_name. 女性名字. given name.
nɑ˧mi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ hardship. 艰难/艰苦. abstract.

nɑ˧mi˧ tʰv˧!
Hardship has come!
现在是艰苦的时候! / 现在很贫困!
nɑ˧~nɑ˥ adverb
Etym: nɑ˩. secretly. 暗暗. adverb.

nɑ˧nɑ˥ | le˧-li˧ le˧-do˧ |
to see (someone) for whom one was secretly on the lookout
偷偷地看见

nɑ˧~nɑ˥ se˩ |
to walk furtively
贼头贼脑地走
nɑ˧ʈʂʰõ˧-õ˩di˩-pɤ˩ noun
classifier: pʰæ˧˥ streamer_of_scriptures. 经幡. religion.
nɑ˩ b adjective Tone: Lb.
black. 黑. adjective.

nɑ˩-hĩ˥
rel
黑的

mɤ˧-nɑ˩
neg
不黑
nɑ˩bɑ˧-ʁɑ˧ɭɯ#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
name_of_mountain. 一座山的名字. place name.
nɑ˩dzi˧ adverb Tone: LM.
dark. 暗. time.

nɑ˩dzi˧-ze˩!
It has got dark! Twilight has come!
天变暗了! / 黄昏到了!

nɑ˩dzi˧-ho˩-ze˩!
It's going to get dark!
(天)要变暗了!
nɑ˩hĩ#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: Naxi. 纳西族. ethnic groups.

nɑ˩hĩ˧-mi˧ ɲi˥!
She is a Naxi women! / It's a Naxi woman!
她是纳西族女人!

nɑ˩hĩ˧-bɑ˧lɑ˥
the Naxi costume, Naxi garments
纳西族服装

nɑ˩hĩ˧-ʐwɤ˧ so˥
to study the Naxi language
学纳西语

nɑ˩hĩ˧-tʰæ˧ɻæ˥
Naxi books
纳西族的书
nɑ˩kwɤ˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ 南瓜::pumpkin. 南瓜. plant.
nɑ˩mi#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
Na_woman. 摩梭女人. society.
nɑ˩mv˥-nɑ˩dzi˩dzi˩ adjective
completely_dark. 很暗. time.
nɑ˩pv˧-qʰwɤ˧ noun Tone: LM-.
emperor. 皇帝. society.

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | nɑ˩pʰv˧-qʰwɤ˧-ni˩gv˩!
He's got an empereror's looks! / He thinks he's the emperor! (Mocking someone who thinks he or she can impose his/her decisions to everyone, who thinks (s)he is a great leader.)
他摆出做皇帝的样子! / 他以为他是皇帝吧!(嘲笑一个自以为是的人)
nɑ˩tsʰi˩ noun Tone: L.
name_of_mountain. 一座山的名字. place name.

kɤ˧mv˧˥, | æ˧ʂæ˧, | ŋwɤ˧hɑ̃˩, | ʂwæ˧gv#˥, | nɑ˩tsʰi˩˥ | -tɕʰɤ˧pɤ˧mi#˥, | qv˧ɻ˧-ʈʂʰɑ˧nɑ˥ |
The six mountains of Yongning that carry a name and have a definite symbolic value. The other mountains do not have comparable symbolic value, and fewer people use specific names for them.
永宁地区有固定名字的六座山。其它的山,因为没有重要的象征意义,因此没有取名。
nɑ˩zo#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
Na_man. 摩梭男人. society.
nɑ˩-ʐwɤ˥ noun Tone: LH.
Na_language. 摩梭话. language.
nɑ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to tremble. 发抖. verb.

nɑ˩~nɑ˧-ze˥
red pfv
发抖了

le˧-nɑ˩~nɑ˩
accomp red
accomp red

lo˩qʰwɤ˥ | nɑ˩~nɑ˧˥
the hand trembles
手抖
nɑ˩˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: endonym .Na . 自称:摩梭族. ethnic groups.

nɑ˩-mv˧ nɑ˥-di˩ |
Na territory
摩梭人地区

ə˧ʝi˧-ʂɯ˥ʝi˩, | nɑ˩zo˧-tɑ˥mv˩-ɳɯ˩ | dʑo˧-ɲi˥-tsɯ˩!
Na traditions used to mention this! / There used to be Na traditions about this! (Context: when reference is made to local customs, to explain what is allowed and what is not.)
过去,摩梭人的传统(里)有(关于这些问题的说法)嘛!
næ˩-qʰæ˥ʈʂʰe˩ adjective
completely_dark. 黑乎乎. adjective.
-ne suffix
like. 像. morphosyntax.

no˧-ɳɯ˧ hwæ˧-ne˧-ʝi˥ | zo˧!
as if you were buying
就像你来买一样!

no˧-ɳɯ˧ lɑ˧˥ | -ne˧-ʝi˥ | zo˧!
as if you were striking
就像你来打一样!

no˧-ɳɯ˧ pi˧-ne˧-ʝi˥ | zo˧!
as if you decided
就像你来说一样!

ʈʂʰɯ˧ne˧-ʝi˥
thus, in this way
这样
ni˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: po˧ amaranth. 苋米. plant.
ni˧fv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ large_bag. 大包. object.

jɤ˧ŋɤ˧-ni˧fv˥
Chengdu bag (note: this kind of large, solid bag was often purchased in the area of Chengdu, hence their association with this place name.)
成都大包。(据说这类的包一般是成都地区生产的。)
ni˧mi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: sisters. 姐妹. society.

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ʈæ˧ʂɯ˧-bv˧ | ni˧mi˧ ɲi˥.
She is /ʈæ˧ʂɯ˧/’s sister.
她是达石的姐姐(或妹妹)
njæ˥-qv˩ verb Tone: H#-.
to_look_away. 看别的方向. verb.

hĩ˧ njæ˧qv˥
to turn away the head from, to look away from (someone that one despises, hates...)
看别的方向,不直接看(蔑视态度)

mɤ˧-njæ˥qv˩
neg
neg
njæ˧bæ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ʈʰɤ˥ tear. 眼泪. body.
njæ˧-sɯ˩kv˩ pronoun Tone: °L.
1pl .exclusive . 我们. morphosyntax.

njæ˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ | mɤ˧-sɯ˥!
We (exclusive) don't know!
我们不知道!

ʈʂʰɯ˧-sɯ˩-kv˩, | njæ˧-sɯ˩-kv˩-bv˩ | mɤ˧-sɯ˥!
They do not understand us! (Context: about people coming from other areas, who do not understand local custom and habits)
他们不了解我们!
njæ˧tsɯ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ eyebrow. 眉毛. body.

njæ˧tsɯ˩-ɖæ˩
eyebrow (this formulation avoids ambiguity between 'eyebrow' and 'eyelashes')
眉毛

njæ˧tsɯ˩ | mv˩tɕo˧ kʰɯ˧˥
to knit the brows (literally "to lower the brows")
皱眉毛

eyelashes.

njæ˧tsɯ˩-ʂæ˩
njæ˧-zɯ˩ pronoun Tone: L#.
1du . 我们两个. morphosyntax.

ɑ˩ʁo˧(-hĩ˧) | njæ˧zɯ˩ ho˩-dʑo˩!
(We cannot stay any longer because) our family is waiting for us!
(我们两个不能再呆在这里了,)家里在等我们!
njæ˩pʰv˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ white_of_the_eye. 白眼球. body.
njæ˩qwæ˧˥ adjective Tone: LM+MH#.
classifier: blind. 眼睛瞎了. society.

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | njæ˩qwæ˧-ze˥
(S)he went blind.
他眼睛瞎了。

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | njæ˩qwæ˧ ɲi˥.
(S)he is blind.
他是瞎子。

njæ˩qwæ˧-mi#˥
blind woman
眼睛瞎了的女人

njæ˩qwæ˧-zo#˥
blind man
眼睛瞎了的男人

njæ˩qwæ˧-hĩ#˥
blind person
瞎子
njæ˩qʰæ#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ gum_in_the_eyes. 眼屎. body.
njɤ˧di˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ glue. 胶. object.
njɤ˧kv˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ cheekbone. 颧骨. body. See: kv˩kv˩
njɤ˧kv˩-njɤ˩tsʰɤ˩ adjective Tone: L#-.
beautiful. 美丽. verb.

ə˧mi˧! | mv˩zo˩ ʈʂʰɯ˩-ɭɯ˥ | njɤ˧kv˩-njɤ˩tsʰɤ˩! | ɖwæ˧˥ | ə˧v˧˥!
Wow! This young lady is really beautiful! Very pretty!
啊呀,这个少女真美丽!很漂亮!

njɤ˧kv˩njɤ˩tsʰɤ˩ | ʐwæ˩˥
extremely beautiful
非常美
See:
njɤ˧lɑ˥ adverb
early. 早. time.

njɤ˧lɑ˥ | gɤ˩-ʈi˧
to rise early
起得早
njɤ˧le˧gv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
daytime. 白天. time.

ɲi˧mi˧-njɤ˩le˩gv˩
daytime
白天
njɤ˧mv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: qɑ˩ pig_fodder. 灰条菜/灰灰菜. plant.
njɤ˧mv˥-mi˩ noun Tone: H#-L.
classifier: mi˩ camel. 骆驼. animal.

njɤ˧mv˥mi˩-zo˩
baby camel
小骆驼

njɤ˧mv˥mi˩-pʰv˩
male camel
公骆驼
njɤ˧nɑ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ eyeball. 眼珠. body.
njɤ˧ʈʂɤ˥ noun Tone: H#.
black_jack. 鬼针草. plant.
njɤ˩ pronoun Tone: L.
1sg . 我. morphosyntax.

njɤ˩ ɲi˩˥!
It's me! (Typical answer at the door)
是我!(情景:一个人敲门,里面的人问是谁,人家回答:“是我!”)

njɤ˧ no˧ lɑ˧˥
I strike you
我打你
njɤ˩ b verb Tone: Lb.
to_husk. 舂. verb.

le˧-njɤ˩-ze˩
accomp _ pfv
舂了

hɑ˧ njɤ˧˥
to husk rice
舂米

hɑ˧ | le˧-njɤ˩
to husk rice
舂米

hɑ˧ | ɖɯ˧-njɤ˧~njɤ˩-ɻ˩
rice - delimitative red inceptive
把米舂一舂
njɤ˩bi˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ top_eyelid. 上眼皮. body.
njɤ˩-gɤ˧lɑ˩ noun Tone: L-L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ eyeball. 眼珠. body.
njɤ˩kʰi#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ bottom_eyelid. 下眼皮. body.
njɤ˩ɭɯ˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ eye. 眼睛. body.
njɤ˩qʰwɤ˧˥ noun Tone: LM+MH#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ orbit. 眼眶. body.
njɤ˩-tse˧~tse˩ noun Tone: L-L#.
classifier: po˧ branched_horsetail. 节节草. plant.
njɤ˩ʈʂv˧˥ noun Tone: LM+MH#.
classifier: mi˩ loach. 泥鳅. animal.
njɤ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_glue. 贴. verb.

le˧-njɤ˧-ze˥!
accomp _ pfv : It's glued! It's glued!
粘在一起了!

tso˧~tso˧ le˧-ɖʐɤ˧, | le˧-njɤ˧˥!
When something (e.g. a book) is torn, (we) glue it together!
东西撕破了,粘在一起(就好了)
See: njɤ˧˥2
njɤ˧˥ adjective Tone: MH.
sticky. 黏. adjective. See: njɤ˧˥1
njɤ˧˥ adjective Tone: MH.
early. 早. adjective.
njɤ˩˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ eye. 眼睛. body.
njo˥ noun Tone: #H.
cucurbit_flute. 葫芦丝. music.

njo˧ mv˥
to play the cucurbit flute
吹响葫芦丝
njo˧ noun Tone: M.
ear. 谷穗. plant.

hɑ˧-njo˩
ear of cereals
谷穗

mv˧dze˧-njo˧ (+ɲi˩)
ear of barley
大麦穗

tsʰi˧zi˧-hɑ˧njo˥ (+ɲi˩)
ear of highland barley
青稞穗
njo˧bi˧li˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ lips. 嘴唇. body.
njo˩bi˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ breast. 乳房. body.

ʝi˧-njo˥bi˩
cow's breast
牛的奶头

njo˩bi˧-ʁo˧qʰwɤ˩
nipple, teat
乳头
njo˩kæ˧tɕi˩˥ noun Tone: LM+LH.
From: Chinese 牛肝菌 . 牛肝菌::cep. 牛肝菌( 借词) . plant. See: jɤ˧qʰɑ˧-pɤ˥jɤ˩-mo˩
njo˩pɤ˩lv˥ noun Tone: L+H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ udder. 牛的奶头. animal.
njo˩˥ noun Tone: LH.
milk. 奶汁. body.

njo˩ ki˧
to breast-feed (literally 'to give milk')
给(喂)奶

njo˩ ʈʰɯ˩˥
to drink milk
喝奶
no˧no˧ noun Tone: M.
feminine_given_name. 女性名字. given name.
no˧no˧-ɖɯ˩mɑ˩ noun Tone: °L.
feminine_given_name. 女性名字. given name.
no˧=ɻ˩ pronoun Tone: L#.
2pl . 你们. morphosyntax. See: no˧-sɯ˩kv˩
no˧-sɯ˩kv˩ pronoun Tone: °L.
2pl . 你们. morphosyntax.

no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ | mɤ˧-sɯ˥!
You (plural) don't know (about this)!
你们不知道!

njɤ˧ | no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ | mɤ˧-sɯ˥!
I don't know you! / I am not familiar with your situation/business!
我不认识你们! / 我不熟悉你们!

njɤ˧ | no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ lɑ˩ / njɤ˧ | no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ lɑ˩-bi˩
I strike you ( pl ) / I am going to strike you
我打你们 / 我要打你们

no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ lɑ˩-bi˩
you are going to strike
你们要打了

no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ | sɯ˧!
you know, you are aware (of this)
你们知道

no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ | le˧-li˧
you are looking
你们在看

no˧-sɯ˩-kv˩ | li˧-bi˧!
you are going to look
你们去看吧!
no˧zɯ˩ pronoun Tone: L#.
2du . 你们俩. morphosyntax. See: no˩zɯ˧˥
no˩ pronoun Tone: L.
2sg . 你. morphosyntax.

no˩ ɲi˩˥
It's you!
是你!
no˩bv˧ noun Tone: LM.
masculine_given_name. 男性名字. given name.
no˩qo˥ adverb Tone: LH.
close_to. ……附近. morphosyntax.
no˩zɯ˧˥ pronoun Tone: LM+MH#.
2du . 你们俩. morphosyntax. See: no˧zɯ˩
nv˥ verb Tone: H.
to_chase. 追赶. verb.

le˧-nv˥
accomp
accomp

ʈʂɤ˩nv˩
to chase after, to pursue
追赶

le˧-ʈʂɤ˩nv˩
to chase after, to pursue
追赶

le˧-ʈʂɤ˩nv˩ | le˧-hɯ˩
He went to chase after
追赶去了
nv˥ verb Tone: H.
to_bury. 埋. verb.
nv˧hṽ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: bean. 豆子. plant.
nv˧hṽ˩-bi˩bi˩ noun Tone: L#-.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ classifier: panier green_bean. 四季豆. plant.
nv˧pɤ˩ noun Tone: L#.
broad_beans. 蚕豆. plant.
nv˧tv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ nosebag. 饲料袋子. object.
nv˩dʑɯ˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: classifier: casseroles bean_curd. 豆腐. plant.
nv˩ho#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: soft_beancurd. 豆花. plant.
nv˩ɭɯ˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: wɤ˩ classifier: une charge soy. 黄豆. plant.
nv˩mi˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ heart. 心脏. body.

hĩ˧ ʈʂʰɯ˧-v˧, | nv˩mi˩ tɕi˥! |
This person lacks courage! (literally "...(his/her) heart is small")
这个人,胆小!(直译:“心小”)

nv˩mi˩˥ | ɖɯ˧-ɭɯ˧ tsɤ˧ |
in sympathy, in unison
情投意合

nv˩mi˩˥ | tʰi˧-tɕɯ˥ | so˩˥
to study patiently / to teach patiently
耐心地学习 / 耐心地教

nv˩mi˩-qo˥ | tʰi˧-ʑi˥
to remember, to keep in mind
记住、记得(直译:‘心里存着’、‘心里有’)

nv˩mi˩-qo˥ | tʰi˧-kʰɯ˧˥
to make an effort to remember, to carry in mind
记住(直译:‘放在心里’)

state_of_mind. 心情.

nv˩mi˩ dzɯ˩~dzɯ˩-ɻ˥
not to get along well; to quarrel all the time; to poison each other's life
经常吵架、过不到一起去
nv˩mi˩-ɖɯ˩ adjective Tone: L.
Etym: nv˩mi˩; ɖɯ˩a. brave. 勇敢. adjective.

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | nv˩mi˩˥ | ɖwæ˧˥ | ɖɯ˩˥! | hĩ˧ | mɤ˧-ɖwæ˥!
(S)he is very brave! (S)he is not afraid of others / (s)he fears no one!
他很勇敢!谁也不怕!

pɤ˩mi˩˥ | nv˩mi˩ ɖɯ˩˥, | ʝi˧-ɳɯ˧ tʰv˧˥; | mi˩zɯ˩ nv˥mi˩ ɖɯ˩ (-dʑo˩), | hĩ˧-ɳɯ˧ lɑ˧˥!
"If the frog is brave, it gets stamped on by the ox; if the woman is brave, she gets beaten!" (Explanation: weaker creatures must not be too brave: if a frog fears nothing and ventures onto the roads, it can easily get crushed to death; if a woman behaves with masculine self-assurance and courage, she gets into situations where people come to hands, and she eventually has the lower hand.)
“勇敢的青蛙,被牛压死。勇敢的女人,被人家打!”(说明:青蛙太勇敢,上马路,就容易被压死,而女人太勇敢,容易跟别人发生矛盾,最后就打不过男人。)
nv˩mi˩-ki˧ki˩ adjective
Etym: nv˩mi˩; ki˧a. with_similar_mood. 心意相通. adjective.
nv˩mi˩-ʈʰi˩ adjective Tone: L.
Etym: nv˩mi˩; ʈʰi˩a. worn_out. 没精神. adjective.
nv˩pi˧ noun Tone: LM.
soybean_dregs. 豆粕. plant.
nv˩tɕʰi#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ classifier: panier bean_chaff(fine). 豆类的细糠秕. plant.
nv˩tsɑ˧˥ noun Tone: LM+MH#.
classifier: mɤ˩, etc bean_chaff(coarse). 粗的豆糠. plant.
nv˩ze˧ noun Tone: LM.
chickpea. 鹰嘴豆. plant.