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Index
kʰɤ˧ɕjɤ˧
kʰɤ˧mi˥$
kʰɤ˧ʂɯ˧
kʰɤ˧zo˥$
kʰɤ˩njɤ˩~kʰɤ˧njɤ˧
kʰɤ˧˥
kʰɤ˧˥
kʰɤ˧˥ a
kʰi˥
kʰi˥
kʰi˥
kʰi˧bɤ#˥
kʰi˧-bv˧lv˩
-kʰi˧~kʰi˧
kʰi˧mi˧
kʰi˧-qʰwɤ˩
kʰi˧tɕʰɯ˩-mo˩
kʰi˧˥
kʰo˥
kʰo˧lo˧
kʰɯ˧di˧˥
kʰɯ˧dv#˥
kʰɯ˧dʑɯ˧˥
kʰɯ˧pi˧
kʰɯ˧pʰv˩
kʰɯ˧tʰo˧˥
kʰɯ˧tʰv#˥
kʰɯ˧tsɯ˧bæ˥
kʰɯ˧tsʰɤ˧˥
kʰɯ˧ʈʂæ˧˥
kʰɯ˧ʈʂɤ#˥
kʰɯ˧ʐɯ˥$
kʰɯ˩
kʰɯ˩ b
kʰɯ˩pv˩
kʰɯ˩ʈɯ˩
kʰɯ˧˥
kʰɯ˧˥
kʰɯ˧˥
kʰv˥
kʰv˥
kʰv˥
kʰv˥
kʰv˧bv˧˥
kʰv˧kwæ˧
kʰv˧kʰv˩
kʰv˧mæ˧
kʰv˧mv˥
kʰv˧nɑ˥
kʰv˧pʰæ˧
kʰv˧-pʰo˥
kʰv˧pʰv#˥
kʰv˧qʰwɤ˧˥
kʰv˧sɯ˧sɯ˩
kʰv˧ʂæ˧˥
kʰv˧ʂɯ˥
kʰv˧tɕʰi˥$
kʰv˧tsʰi˧-bo˥tsʰi˩
kʰv˧zo#˥
kʰv˧zo˥$
kʰv˧zo˧ | -bo˩zo˧
kʰv˩-kʰɤ˩
kʰv˩mi˩
kʰv˩tsɤ˩mi˥
kʰv˧˥
kʰv˧˥ a
kʰwæ˧hwæ˩
kʰwæ˧ɻæ#˥
kʰwɤ˥ a
kʰwɤ˧pʰv˧
kʰwɤ˧pʰv˧-mo˧˥
kʰɤ˧ɕjɤ˧ verb
to_spend. 花掉. verb.

kʰɤ˧ɕjɤ˧-ze˩!
pfv
花掉了!

le˧-kʰɤ˧ɕjɤ˧ | le˧-se˩-kʰɯ˩
to spend all the money, to spend all the money up
全部都花完

mɤ˧-dʑo˧, | ɖwæ˩-mɤ˧-zo˧! | tʰi˧-ʂe˧ tʰi˧-kʰɤ˧ɕjɤ˧-tsæ˥-ɲi˩!
If we have nothing/if we are poor, we should not worry! Go ahead: earn some money and spend it! (This is one of the teachings of the elders: money is something that circulates, not something to be accumulated for its own sake.)
如果没有(钱),不用担心!要赚也要花!(这是长辈的一个教诲:钱赚了又花、花了又赚,不是来积累的。)
kʰɤ˧mi˥$ noun Tone: $H.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ large_basket_carried_on_the_back. 大背篓. object.
kʰɤ˧ʂɯ˧ verb Tone: M.
From: Chinese 开始 . 开始::to_begin. 开始( 借词) . verb.
kʰɤ˧zo˥$ noun Tone: $H.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ small_basket_carried_on_the_back. 小背篓. object.
kʰɤ˩njɤ˩~kʰɤ˧njɤ˧ adjective Tone: L-.
supple(movement). 柔软(动作). adjective.
kʰɤ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_put_out. 灭(火). verb. See: hɑ̃˧˥1
kʰɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ basket_carried_on_back. 背篓. object.
kʰɤ˧˥ a classifier Tone: MHa.
clf .baskets . 量词 .筐 . classifier.
kʰi˥ verb Tone: H.
to_separate. 拆开/分离. verb.

sɑ˧ | le˧-kʰi˥
to separate linen fibres (to make thread)
拆开粗麻(为了纺出细麻线)
kʰi˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ̩pɤ˩ door. 门. house.

kʰi˧-zo#˥
small door
小门
kʰi˥ noun Tone: #H.
edge. 边. natural environment.
kʰi˧bɤ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ threshold. 门槛. house.
kʰi˧-bv˧lv˩ noun Tone: °L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ hinge. 合页. house. See:
-kʰi˧~kʰi˧ postposition Tone: #H.
near. 周围. space.

ʑi˧qʰwɤ˧-kʰi˧~kʰi˧
near the house, in the vicinity of the house
房子周围

njɤ˧-bv˧ | kʰi˧~kʰi˧
near me, around me
我的周围

ʐɤ˩mi˩-kʰi˩~kʰi˩ se˩˥
to walk on the roadside, to walk by the side of the road
走在马路边
kʰi˧mi˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: pɤ˩ main_door. 大门. house.
kʰi˧-qʰwɤ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ hinge. 门的合页. house. Syn: kʰi˧-bv˧lv˩
kʰi˧tɕʰɯ˩-mo˩ noun Tone: L#-.
poisonous_mushroom_sp. 一种有毒的菌子. plant.

ʈʂæ˧mo˧-kʰi˧tɕʰɯ˩-mo˩
same meaning
同上
Syn: ʈʂæ˧mo#˥
kʰi˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_leave. pst . 走.°过去式. verb.

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | zo˩qo˧ kʰi˧?
Where has (s)he gone to? / Where has (s)he left for?
他到哪里去了?

no˧ | tsʰi˧ɲi˧ | ɑ˩pʰo˩˥ | ə˩-kʰi˩˥?
Did you go outside today? / Did you take a stroll today?
你今天出去了吗?
kʰo˥ verb Tone: H.
to_spread. 铺. verb.

kʰwæ˧ɻæ˧ kʰo˧
to spread a mat
铺垫子
kʰo˧lo˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ prayer_wheel. 转经筒. religion.
kʰɯ˧di˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ container. 容器. object.
kʰɯ˧dv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: cripple. 跛. society.

kʰɯ˧dv˧-hĩ˧
cripple

kʰɯ˧dv˧-tsʰo˧qʰwɤ˧
lame demon
跛鬼
kʰɯ˧dʑɯ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: dzi˧ classifier: paire puttee. 裹腿. clothing.
kʰɯ˧pi˧ verb
to_stumble. 绊. verb.

njɤ˧ kʰɯ˧pi˧-ze˧!
I have stumbled!
我绊了一跤!
kʰɯ˧pʰv˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: Chinese, Han. 汉族. ethnic groups.
kʰɯ˧tʰo˧˥ noun Tone: H#.
: dze˩ chains. 脚链. object.

kʰɯ˧tʰo˧ kʰɯ˥
to put chains (on someone's feet)
戴上脚链(在一个人的脚上)
kʰɯ˧tʰv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: dze˩ pedal_of_loom. 织布机的踏板. object.
kʰɯ˧tsɯ˧bæ˥ noun Tone: H#.
calfband. 绑腿布. clothing.
kʰɯ˧tsʰɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: pʰo˧˥ leg. 腿/脚. body.
kʰɯ˧ʈʂæ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: ʈʂæ˧˥ ankle. 踝关节. body.
kʰɯ˧ʈʂɤ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ʈv˩ / ɭɯ˧ chicken_feet. 鸡爪. animal.

kʰɯ˧ʈʂɤ˧ tʰv˧-ɭɯ#˥
n + dem + clf
这只鸡爪

kʰɯ˧ʈʂɤ˧ tʰv˧-ʈv˥#
n + dem + clf
这只鸡爪
kʰɯ˧ʐɯ˥$ noun Tone: H$.
classifier: qʰwɤ˧˥ classifier: bol light_rice_wine. 黄酒. food.
kʰɯ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: kʰɯ˩ classifier: objets longs thread. 线. clothing.
kʰɯ˩ b classifier Tone: Lb.
clf .threads . 量词 .根/条 . classifier.

kʰɯ˧ | ɖɯ˧-kʰɯ˩
a thread of string
一根线

zɯ˧ | ɖɯ˧-kʰɯ˩
a blade of grass
一根草

bæ˩ ɖɯ˥-kʰɯ˩
a thread of rope
一条绳子

kʰɯ˧ | ʈʂʰɯ˧-kʰɯ˧˥
this thread (note: irregular tone pattern)
这根线
kʰɯ˩pv˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ shuttle. 梭子. clothing. See: pv˧qʰwɤ˥
kʰɯ˩ʈɯ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ʈv˩ root. 根. plant.

si˧dzi˩-kʰɯ˩ʈɯ˩
tree root
树根
kʰɯ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
put_into. 放. verb.

kʰɯ˩~kʰɯ˧˥
red
red

qwɤ˧-qo˧ | si˧ tʰi˧-kʰɯ˧˥
to add wood into the fire
放木头在火中

to_allow/ caus . 让/ 使动 . verb.

kʰv˩mi˩-zɯ˩~zɯ˩˥, | le˧-ɖæ˥-kʰɯ˩! | hĩ˧-zɯ˧~zɯ˥, | le˧-ʂæ˧-kʰɯ˥!
Dog's lifespan was made shorter, and man's lifespan was made longer! (A summary of the legend "How dog and man exchanged their lifespans".)
够的寿命,变短了/使得变短!(而)人的寿命,变长了/使得变长!(《狗和人交换寿命》故事的一个提要)

hwæ˧ kʰɯ˧ ə˥-bi˩? | - hwæ˧ kʰɯ˧-bi˥!
Do you agree to buy? - Yes!
(你)让买吗? - 让买!

tɕʰi˧ kʰɯ˧ ə˥-bi˩?
Do you agree to sell?
(你)让卖吗?

dzɯ˧ kʰɯ˩ ə˩-bi˩?
Do you agree to eat?
(你)让吃吗?

tɕi˩ kʰɯ˥ ə˩-bi˩?
Do you agree to write?
(你)让写吗?

ʈʰɯ˩ kʰɯ˩ ə˥-bi˩?
Do you agree to drink?
(你)让喝吗?

ʐv˧ kʰɯ˥ ə˩-bi˩?
Do you agree to sew?
(你)让缝吗?
kʰɯ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_throw. 甩/扔. verb.

le˧-kʰɯ˧-ze˥
accomp _ pfv
甩了

lv˧mi˧ kʰɯ˧˥
to throw a stone
扔石头
kʰɯ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_wear. 戴(手镯). verb.

le˧-kʰɯ˧-ze˥
accomp _ pfv
戴了

lo˩dʑo˧ kʰɯ˩
to wear a bracelet
戴手镯
kʰv˥ verb Tone: H.
to_cut/to_harvest. 割(草). verb.

le˧-kʰv˥-ze˩
accomp _ pfv
割了

zɯ˧-kʰv˧
to cut grass
割草
kʰv˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ nest. 巢. animal.

kʰv˧ ʈʂʰɯ˧-ɭɯ#˥
n + dem + clf
这只鸟巢
kʰv˥ verb Tone: H.
to_steal. 偷. verb.

hĩ˧-bv˧ tso˧~tso˧ kʰv˧
to steal someone's stuff, to steal someone else's property
偷别人的东西
kʰv˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: mi˩ classifier: classifier: jɤ˧˥ dog. 狗. animal.

kʰv˧-ʂe˧ dzɯ˧
to eat dog meat (a practice which is strongly antagonistic to Na culture, which considers dog as man's benefactor)
吃狗肉

kʰv˧-zɯ˧~zɯ˥
dog's existence, dog's life (which dog exchanged with man, according to the legend)
狗的生命(传说狗与人交换了生命)

kʰv˧ tʰv˧-mi˥#
n + dem + clf
那条狗

kʰv˧-gɤ˥ljɤ˩
roving dog
流浪狗
kʰv˧bv˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ doghouse. 狗窝. house.
kʰv˧kwæ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ From: Chinese 苦瓜 . 苦瓜::bitter_melon. 苦瓜. plant.
kʰv˧kʰv˩ noun Tone: L#.
year_of_the_dog. 狗年. time.
kʰv˧mæ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: robber. 强盗. society.

kʰv˧mæ˧ ʝi˧-hĩ˧-hĩ˧
person who robs, robber
当强盗的人=强盗

kʰv˧mæ˧-ni˩-zo˩! | hĩ˧ lɑ˩-ho˩!
He's like a bandit! He may hit people!
他像强盗似的!会打人的!

kʰv˧mæ˧-ʑi˩
prison: literally "house for thieves"
监狱。直译:“贼家”

kʰv˧mæ˧-ʝi˧-hĩ˧, | lo˧ʑi˥bv˩-qo˩ ʈæ˩!
Thieves are tied up in prisons / are sent to prison!
贼,被关在监狱!

no˧ | kʰv˧mæ˧-pʰæ˧qʰwɤ˩-ne˩-ʝi˩-zo˩!
You have the face of a thief! / You really look like a thief! (An accusation about someone one thinks is a thief)
你有一张贼脸!(控告一个人)
kʰv˧mv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: female_puppy. 小母狗. animal.
kʰv˧nɑ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: mi˩ dog. 狗. animal.
kʰv˧pʰæ˧ noun Tone: M.
age. 年龄. société.

kʰv˧pʰæ˧ tɕi˩
young
年轻

kʰv˧pʰæ˧ | tɕi˩-hĩ˩˥
young
年轻的
kʰv˧-pʰo˥ noun Tone: H#.
half_a_year. 半年. time.

ɖɯ˧-kʰv˧-kʰv˥-pʰo˩
one year and a half
一年半
kʰv˧pʰv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: v˧ / mi˩ / ɭɯ˧ he-dog. 公狗. animal.

kʰv˧pʰv˧ ʈʂʰɯ˧-ɭɯ#˥
n + dem + clf
这只公狗

kʰv˧pʰv˧ tʰv˧-mi˧˥
n + dem + clf
这只公狗

kʰv˧pʰv˧ tʰv˧-v#˥
n + dem + clf
这个公狗
kʰv˧qʰwɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
bad_year. 收成不好的一年. time.

kʰv˧qʰwɤ˧ tʰv˧˥
the year is bad; crops are bad this year; a bad year has come
今年,收成不好。
kʰv˧sɯ˧sɯ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: kɤ˧˥ Flemingia_strobilifera. 球穗千斤拔. plant.
kʰv˧ʂæ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_hunt. 打猎. verb.

kʰv˧ʂæ˧ hɯ˧˥
(He/she) has gone hunting
狩猎去了
kʰv˧ʂɯ˥ verb
to_celebrate_the_New_Year. 过年. time.
kʰv˧tɕʰi˥$ noun Tone: H$.
solution. 办法. abstract.

kʰv˧tɕʰi˥ | mɤ˧-dʑo˧-ze˧! | ɻ̃˧-ɻ˧ tʰo˩!
There is nothing we can do anymore! It's a catastrophe!
没有办法了!糟糕了!
kʰv˧tsʰi˧-bo˥tsʰi˩ noun Tone: #H-.
classifier: pʰo˧˥ classifier: mole_shrew. 鼹鼠. animal.
kʰv˧zo#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: v˧ / mi˩ / ɭɯ˧ 公狗. animal.

kʰv˧zo˧ ʈʂʰɯ˧-ɭɯ#˥
n + dem + clf
这只公狗

kʰv˧zo˧ tʰv˧-mi˧˥
n + dem + clf
这只公狗

kʰv˧zo˧ tʰv˧-v#˥
n + dem + clf
这只公狗

kʰv˧zo˥-kʰv˩mv˩
puppy and she-dog
小狗与母狗
kʰv˧zo˥$ noun Tone: H$.
family_name. 一个姓. given name.

kʰv˧zo˧=ɻ˥$
the /kʰv˧zo˥$/ clan, the /kʰv˧zo˥$/ family
|fv /kʰv˧zo˥$/ 家族 /kʰv˧zo˥$/ 家族

kʰv˧zo˥-tsʰɯ˩ɻ˩
the name of a person, containing both a family name: fv:/kʰv˧zo˥$/, and a given name: fv:/tsʰɯ˧ɻ#˥/
一个人的名字:姓为|fv /kʰv˧zo˥$/ ,名为|fv /tsʰɯ˧ɻ#˥/ /kʰv˧zo˥$/ ,名为 /tsʰɯ˧ɻ#˥/
kʰv˧zo˧ | -bo˩zo˧ noun Tone: °LM+#H.
classifier: doggy_piggy. 小畜生. animal.
kʰv˩-kʰɤ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ chicken_nest. 鸡窝. house.
kʰv˩mi˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: v˧, terme respectueux (le même que pour les humains) classifier: on peut aussi dire: jɤ˧˥ dog. 狗. animal.

kʰv˩mi˩ ʈʂʰɯ˩-jɤ˧
n + dem + clf
这条狗

di˧qo˧-kʰv˩mi˩
the dogs of the plain (which, unlike dogs in mountain hamlets, get to see lots of passers-by, and less likely to bite strangers)
平坝的狗

kʰv˩mi˩-gɤ˥ljɤ˩
roving dog
流浪的狗
kʰv˩tsɤ˩mi˥ noun Tone: L+H#.
classifier: she-dog. 母狗. animal.
kʰv˧˥ noun Tone: MH.
year. 年. time.

kʰv˧-mæ˥
end of the year
年尾

kʰv˧-mæ˥ ʂæ˩
intercalary year: a year with 13 months; this happens every 4 years or so
闰年(有13个月)

kʰv˧-mæ˥ ɖæ˩
normal year, usual year: a year that has 12 months
正常的年份,普通年:一年十二个月

astrological_sign. 生肖. time.

no˧ | ə˧tso˧ kʰv˧ ɲi˥?
What is your astrological sign?
你是属什么的?
kʰv˧˥ a classifier Tone: MHa.
clf .year . 量词 .年 . classifier.

ɖɯ˧-kʰv˧˥
one year
一年
kʰwæ˧hwæ˩ verb
to_drape_oneself_in. 披上. verb.
kʰwæ˧ɻæ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: tsʰi˥ felt. 毡子. clothing.

kʰwæ˧ɻæ˧ tʰi˧-kʰo˥
to spread a mat
铺席子
kʰwɤ˥ a classifier Tone: Ha.
clf .chunks . 量词 .块 . classifier.

ɖɯ˧-kʰwɤ˥~ɖɯ˩-kʰwɤ˩
chunk by chunk, one chunk after the other
一块一块地

kʰwɤ˧ | ɖɯ˧-ʂe˧-ɻ˩!
Go ahead and decide! / Please make a decision!
你们得要做出决定!

ɖɯ˧-kʰwɤ˧ so˧˥, | ɖɯ˧-kʰwɤ˥ fv˩!
Each new word is a new joy! (A comment by the consultant about the investigator's enjoyment of fieldwork. She takes a look at a draft dictionary, and comments that it represents a great deal of work, and that what matters is that the investigator should feel an interest in it, considering each new 'piece' – each addition to the dictionary – as a source of joy.)
学一点,就高兴一点!(评说语言调查工作:合作人看着本词典的初稿,说:这是一项很大的工程,关键的是调查者要有兴趣,欣赏每个新学的语言信息。)
kʰwɤ˧pʰv˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: meadow. 草坪. natural environment.
kʰwɤ˧pʰv˧-mo˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
prairie_mushroom. 一种菌子. plant.