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Index h
hɑ˥
hɑ˧bɤ˥
hɑ˧-bv˥~bv˩-di˩
hɑ˧-gv˥-di˩
hɑ˧ɭɯ#˥
hɑ˧mi˥
hɑ˧ʂɯ˥
hɑ˧-ʐwɤ˩
hɑ˩ a
hɑ̃˧mo˥
hɑ̃˧˥
hɑ̃˧˥
hɑ̃˧˥ a
hæ˧
hæ˧di˩-ʈæ˩bɤ˩
hæ˧ɭɯ#˥
hæ˧se˧
hæ˧ʐwɤ˩
hæ˩ a
hæ˧˥
hæ˧˥
hæ̃˧
hæ̃˧ a
hæ̃˧do˧
hæ̃˧kʰɤ˧˥
hæ̃˧kʰo˧
hæ̃˧pɤ˧
hæ̃˧qʰv˥$
hæ̃˧ʂɯ˩-
hæ̃˧ʂɯ˩-pæ˩pʰæ˩
hæ̃˧ʂv˧pɤ˥
hæ̃˧ʐɤ˥
hæ̃˩
hæ̃˩-bɑ˧lɑ˩
hæ̃˩bæ˩
hæ̃˩di˩
hæ̃˩qʰwɤ˩
hæ̃˩sɤ˩
hæ̃˧˥
hɤ˧
hɤ˩ a
hɤ˩ a
hɤ˩ a
hi˥
hi˧dʑi˧
hi˧kʰɯ#˥
hi˧qʰwɤ˩
hi˧tʰɑ˩
hi˧tʰo˧˥
hi˧tsɯ˩
hi˩
hi˩
hi˩dʑɯ˩
hi˩mi˩
hi˩nɑ˧mi#˥
hi˩ɲi˩zo˩
hi˩qʰɑ˩
hi˩ʁwɤ˩-lo˧
hi˩ʐæ˥
hi˩˥
hĩ˥
hĩ˧bæ#˥
hĩ˧hĩ#˥
hĩ˧-lɑ˩-kv˩-hĩ˩
hĩ˧mɤ˧gɤ˥
hĩ˧mo˥
hĩ˧mo˩
hĩ˧nv˥
hĩ˧-tɕʰɯ#˥
hĩ˧-ʈʂɤ#˥
hĩ˧˥
hĩ˧˥
ho˥
ho˥
ho˧ɕjæ˩
ho˧di˧
ho˧dʑɯ˧tɤ˥ɻ˩
ho˧dʑɯ˧˥
ho˧ko˧
ho˧mi#˥
ho˧pʰv#˥
ho˧ʈʂɯ˧
ho˧zo#˥
ho˩ a
ho˩ɕjæ˧
ho˩dʑɯ˩
ho˩lo˧pv˥
ho˧˥
hõ˧
hõ˧-ɬi˧mi#˥
hõ˩tsʰi˧˥
hõ˧˥
hu˥
hu˧mi˥$
hu˧˥
hu˧˥
hɯ˧
hɯ˧ b
hṽ˥
hṽ˥
hṽ˧dɤ˧ɻ#˥
hṽ˧~hṽ˩-ɖʐæ˩~ɖʐæ˩
hṽ˧nɑ˩
hṽ˩ a
hṽ˩ a
hṽ˩-ɖʐæ˩ɻæ˥
hṽ˩~hṽ˩
hwɑ˩kwɤ˧
hwæ˧ a
hwæ˧ɖʐæ˥
hwæ˧ɖʐæ˥
hwæ˧pʰæ˥
hwæ˧pʰæ˩
hwæ˧pʰæ˩-gv˩-di˩
hwæ˧tsɯ˥
hwæ˧tsɯ˥-njɤ˩di˩
hwæ˧tsɯ˥-njɤ˩di˩-si˩dzi˩
hwæ˩ a
hwæ˩ a
hwɤ̃˩ a
hwɤ˥
hwɤ˥
hwɤ˧
hwɤ˧kʰv˥
hwɤ˧li˧-bv˥
hwɤ˧li˧-se˧-di˧˥
hwɤ˧li˧-ʂɯ˧mo˥
hwɤ˧li˧-zo˧˥
hwɤ˧li˧˥
hwɤ˧mi˥$
hwɤ˧pʰv#˥
hwɤ˧se˧
hwɤ˧tɕi˥
hwɤ˧zo#˥
hwɤ˩
hwɤ˩ a
hwɤ˩dʑɯ˩
hwɤ˩kæ˧
hwɤ˩ʈi˥
hwɤ˧˥
hwɤ˧˥
hwɤ˧˥
hɑ˥ noun Tone: #H.
food. 饭. food.

hɑ˧-ʈv˧~ʈv˥
ball of cereals
饭坨坨、饭团

hɑ˧ dzɯ˧
to eat
吃饭

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | hɑ˧ dzɯ˧-dʑo˩!
(S)he is eating!
他在吃饭!

hɑ˧ʂɯ˩
fresh cereals (freshly reaped; they yield especially good-tasting cakes)
新鲜的粮食(可以用来烤很香的饼)
hɑ˧bɤ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: bɤ˩ corncob. 玉米棒子. food.

qʰɑ˧dze˧-hɑ˧bɤ˥
sweetcorn ear
玉米棒子
hɑ˧-bv˥~bv˩-di˩ noun Tone: #H--.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ rice_steamer. 甑. object.
hɑ˧-gv˥-di˩ noun Tone: H#-.
stove. 炉子. house.
hɑ˧ɭɯ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
cereals. 粮食. plant.
hɑ˧mi˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: beggar. 乞丐. society.

hɑ˧mi˥-hĩ˩
_ rel; same meaning: [person] who begs
要饭的、乞丐
hɑ˧ʂɯ˥ coordinating conjunction Tone: H#.
From: Chinese 还是 . 还是::gap_filler. 还是( 借词) . morphosyntax.
hɑ˧-ʐwɤ˩ adjective Tone: L#.
hungry. 饿. adjective. See: ʐwɤ˧
hɑ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_open(eyes). 睁开(眼睛). verb.

tʰi˧-hɑ˩
dur
dur

njɤ˩ɭɯ˥ | gɤ˩-hɑ˥ |
to open one's eyes
睁开眼睛

njɤ˩ɭɯ˧ hɑ˩
to open one's eyes
睁开眼睛
hɑ̃˧mo˥ adjective Tone: H#.
old. 年老. adjective.

hĩ˧ ʈʂʰɯ˧-v˧ | hɑ̃˧mo˥ | ʐwæ˩˥!
This person is extremely old/extremely advanced in years!
这个人,年纪非常大!
hɑ̃˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_put_out. 灭. verb.

mv˧ le˧-hɑ̃˧˥
to put out the fire
灭火
hɑ̃˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_spend_the_night. 过夜. verb.

ɖɯ˧-hɑ̃˧ tʰi˥-hɑ̃˩ |
to spend a night (somewhere), to stay for the night
过夜

ʑi˧qʰwɤ˧ ɖɯ˧-ɭɯ˧-qo˧ hɑ̃˧˥
to spend the night in a house
在一个人家过夜
hɑ̃˧˥ a classifier Tone: MHa.
clf .nights . 量词 .夜 . classifier.

ɖɯ˧-hɑ̃˧˥
one night
一夜

tsʰe˩-hɑ̃˩˥
ten nights = ten days
十夜(等于十天)

ɖɯ˧-hɑ̃˧ lɑ˥-dʑo˩!
There is only one day left!
只有一个晚上了!

ɖɯ˧-hɑ̃˧-ɳɯ˥ | le˧-li˧-le˧-se˩-ze˩!
He has entirely read it in one night! / He has read the whole (book) in just one night! (Imagined context: someone is given a book; he finishes reading it within a day)
一个晚上就读完了!/一天之内都读完了!(情景:送一个人一本书,他马上全部读完)
hæ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: Chinese. 汉人. ethnic groups.

hæ˧-mi#˥
a Chinese woman, a Han Chinese woman
汉族女人

hæ˧-mv˧ hæ˧-di˧˥
(Han) Chinese territory: Chengdu, Kunming...
汉族地区,包括成都、昆明等等

hæ˧-di˩
(Han) Chinese territory: Chengdu, Kunming...; used to mean 'the south'
汉族地区,包括成都、昆明等等,来代指南方

hæ˧-zo˧bæ˩
Han Chinese man (derogatory: literally 'Chinese idiot')
汉男人(带偏见的称呼)
hæ˧di˩-ʈæ˩bɤ˩ noun Tone: °L.
beggar_monk. 比丘. society.
hæ˧ɭɯ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
sorghum. 高粱. plant. See: kɤ˧ljɤ˩
hæ˧se˧ noun Tone: M.
From: Chinese dialect 海参 . agar. 石花菜. plant.
hæ˧ʐwɤ˩ noun Tone: L#.
Chinese_language. 汉语. language.
hæ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_harm. 害. verb.

hĩ˧ hæ˥
to harm people
害人

hĩ˧ hæ˥-kv˩
who can harm people; cruel
会害人的、残忍、凶狠

hĩ˧ hæ˥-zo˩
terrifying person, frightening person, creepy person
可怕的人
hæ˧˥ adjective Tone: MH.
supple. 软. adjective.

hæ˧njæ˧˥ | -gv˩
soft, lithe, supple
软、柔软(树枝……)

watery. 稀.
hæ˧˥ noun Tone: MH.
lime. 石灰. house.

hæ˧ hwæ˥
to buy lime
买石灰

hæ˧ tɕʰi˥
to sell lime
卖石灰

hæ˧ ki˥
to give lime
给石灰

hæ˧ dv˥
to dig lime
挖石灰

hæ˧ bæ˥
to sweep lime
扫石灰

hæ˧ gɤ˥
to carry lime
扛石灰
hæ̃˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ wind. 风. natural environment.

hæ̃˧ tʰv˧ / hæ̃˧ tʰv˧-ze˧
the wind has risen, the wind is blowing
刮风了

wɤ˩˥ | hæ̃˧ tʰv˧-ho˩-ze˩!
There's going to be some wind again!
风又要刮起来了!
hæ̃˧ a verb Tone: Ma.
to_winnow. 扬. verb.

hɑ˧ hæ̃˩
to winnow cereals
扬粮食

tso˧~tso˧ hæ̃˩
to winnow things
扬东西
hæ̃˧do˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ threshing_ground. 打场. house.

hæ̃˧do˧ bæ˩
to sweep the threshing ground
清扫打场
hæ̃˧kʰɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ rafter. 椽子. house.
hæ̃˧kʰo˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: young_lady. 小姐. society.

hæ̃˧kʰo˧-mi˧
same meaning: young lady
同上:小姐、公主
hæ̃˧pɤ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: kʰɯ˩ plait. 辫子. body.
hæ̃˧qʰv˥$ adverb Tone: H$.
late_at_night. 半夜. time.
hæ̃˧ʂɯ˩- noun Tone: L#.
classifier: nɑ˧ precious. house.

hæ̃˧ʂɯ˩-to˩mi˩
the Precious Pillars, the Golden Pillars: a solemn designation for the two pillars of the main building
‘黄金柱’、‘宝贵柱’:对主屋两个柱子的庄严称呼
hæ̃˧ʂɯ˩-pæ˩pʰæ˩ noun Tone: L#-.
classifier: pʰæ˧˥ rack_for_drying_grain. 粮架. house.
hæ̃˧ʂv˧pɤ˥ noun Tone: H#.
husband. 丈夫. society.
hæ̃˧ʐɤ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ trace_of_cutting. 切割的痕迹. abstract.

hæ̃˧ʐɤ˥ tʰv˩-kʰwɤ˩
n + dem + clf : this trace of cutting
这道割痕
hæ̃˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ʈv˩ gold. 金子. natural environment.
hæ̃˩-bɑ˧lɑ˩ noun Tone: L-L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ silk. 丝绸. clothing.
hæ̃˩bæ˩ verb Tone: L.
to_dance_a_ritual_dance. 跳大神. religion.
hæ̃˩di˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: nɑ˧ ruler. 尺. object.
hæ̃˩qʰwɤ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ lavender. 薰衣草. plant.
hæ̃˩sɤ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: mi˩ magpie. 喜鹊. animal.
hæ̃˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_cut. 切/裁. verb.

le˧-hæ̃˧-ze˥
accomp _ pfv
切了

tʰɑ˧-hæ̃˧˥!
prohib
别切!

bɑ˩lɑ˩˥ | le˧-hæ̃˧˥, | le˧-ʐv˧˥
to cut cloth to make clothes, and to sew clothes
裁(布料来做)衣服,又缝(衣服) / 先裁布料,再缝衣服

to_castrate. 阉割. verb.
hɤ˧ noun Tone: M.
all. 全部. morphosyntax.

ɖɯ˧-hɤ˧ | mɤ˧-go˩
to have no ailment at all, to be free from any pain
一点也没病、没有任何痛苦

ɖɯ˧-hɤ˧ | mɤ˧-sɯ˥
to be ignorant of everything (literally: not to know a thing)
什么也不知道

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ɖɯ˧-hɤ˧ hwæ˧
(S)he buys everything / buys the lot
他全部都买。/他什么都买。
hɤ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_dry_beside_fire. 烘干. verb.

tʰi˧-hɤ˩
dur
dur

le˧-hɤ˩
accomp
accomp

ɖɯ˧-hɤ˩-ɻ˩
delimitative _ inceptive
烘干一下

le˧-hɤ˩-ze˩, | le˧-pv˧-ze˧!
It was dried beside the fire, and it got dry / and it is now dry!
烘干了,(现在)干了!

ɖɯ˧-kʰwɤ˧ hɤ˥
to dry something beside the fire
烘干一个东西
hɤ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_go. pst . pfv . 去. 过去式 . 整体体 . verb.
hɤ˩ a adjective Tone: La.
good. 好(表扬一个人的行为). adjective.

ɖwæ˧˥ | hɤ˩˥!
intensive .very
很好!

mɤ˧-hɤ˩
neg
不好

hɤ˩-hĩ˩˥
rel / nmlz
好的
hi˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ tooth. 牙齿. body.

hi˧ go˧˥
(a) tooth aches; to have a tooth-ache
牙疼
hi˧dʑi˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ rain_cape. 蓑衣. clothing.

hi˩ gi˩-ze˥, | hi˧dʑi˧ tʰi˧-mv˧.
It has begun to rain / it's raining; put on a rain cape.
下雨了,披蓑衣(雨衣)吧。
hi˧kʰɯ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
gum. 牙龈. body.

hi˧kʰɯ˧ ʈʂʰæ˧
to brush one's teeth
刷牙

hi˧kʰɯ˧-ʈv˥
root of the teeth
牙根
hi˧qʰwɤ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ decayed_teeth. 蛀牙. body.
hi˧tʰɑ˩ adjective Tone: L#.
sharp. 锋利. adjective.
hi˧tʰo˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ tooth. 牙齿. body.
hi˧tsɯ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ incisives. 门牙. body.
hi˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ lake. 湖/海. natural environment.
hi˩ verb Tone: L.
exist .unmovable . 存在动词 .固定物体 . verb.

hi˩nɑ˧mi˧ | tʰi˧-hi˩
the Lake exists/is there
有(泸沽)湖(在那儿)
hi˩dʑɯ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: kʰɤ˧˥ charcoal. 炭. natural environment.
hi˩mi˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ tongue. 舌头. body.

hi˩mi˩˥, | ɻ̃˧ mɤ˧-ʑi˧! | ə˧tso˧ ʐwɤ˩-bi˩, | õ˧-lɑ˥ ɖʐv˩!
The tongue has no bone! Only oneself knows what one is going to say! (Proverb meaning that one is responsible for one's speech: only oneself knows whether one is telling the truth or not.)
“舌头没有骨头。讲的是什么(=是否真的),只有自己才知道!”(谚语)
hi˩nɑ˧mi#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ lake. 湖. natural environment.
hi˩ɲi˩zo˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: mi˩ salamander. 娃娃鱼. animal.
hi˩qʰɑ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ʂɯ˩ classifier: cl des fois torrential_rain. 暴雨. natural environment.

hi˩qʰɑ˩ lɑ˥(-ze˩)
torrential rain is falling
下暴雨了
hi˩ʁwɤ˩-lo˧ noun Tone: L-.
village_name. 一个村落. place name.

dʑɤ˩bv˧kɤ˧-sɑ˥ʁwɤ˩, | hi˩ʁwɤ˩-lo˥, | æ˩mi˧-ʁwɤ#˥, | lɑ˧lo˧-ʁwɤ˥, | lɑ˧ŋwɤ˧, | bɤ˧tsʰo˧gv˥, | ə˧lɑ˧-ʁwɤ#˥, | gæ˧ɻæ˩, | qʰæ˧tɕʰi˧, | tʰo˧ʈɯ#˥
the ten villages traditionally considered as part of Yongning
摩梭传统地理概念中,属于永宁的十个村落
hi˩ʐæ˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ uvula. 小舌. body.

qv˧ʈʂæ˧-bv˥ | hi˩ʐæ˧
the uvula; specifying 'the throat's...' disambiguates between the uvula and the tendon of the tongue, which are referred to by the same term, /hi˩ʐæ˥/ .
小舌

tendon_of_the_tongue. 舌头的筋.

hi˩mi˩-bv˧ | hi˩ʐæ˧
the tendon of the tongue; specifying 'the tongue's...' disambiguates between the uvula and the tendon of the tongue, which are referred to by the same term, /hi˩ʐæ˥/ .
舌头的筋
hi˩˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ʂɯ˩ classifier: fois rain. 雨. natural environment.

hi˩ gi˩˥ / hi˩ gi˩-ze˥
it's raining
下雨了
hĩ˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: person. 人. ethnic groups.

hĩ˧ | ɖɯ˧-v˧
one person, an individual
一个人

hĩ˧-ɻ̃˧ | ɖɯ˧-lo˩
a lineage, a family
一个家族
hĩ˧bæ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: guest. 客人. society.

hĩ˧bæ˧ ʝi˧
to be a guest, to be invited, to attend a party
做客

hĩ˧bæ˧ tsʰɯ˧-ze˥ ! |
A guest has arrived!
客人来了!
hĩ˧hĩ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: strangers. 外人. society.
hĩ˧-lɑ˩-kv˩-hĩ˩ noun Tone: -L--.
dangerous_person. 危险的人. society.
hĩ˧mɤ˧gɤ˥ verb
to_envy. 妒忌. verb.

hĩ˧mɤ˧gɤ˥ ʝi˩
to be jealous (of someone), to have a fit of jealousy
妒忌
hĩ˧mo˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: elderly_person. 老人. society.

hĩ˧mo˥-hĩ˩
_ rel; same meaning
老人、老的人
hĩ˧mo˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: mo˧ corpse. 尸体. body.

hĩ˧mo˩-kʰɯ˩-di˩
coffin; literally 'thing (in which) to put a corpse'
棺材

tomb. 坟墓.
hĩ˧nv˥ verb
to_be_naughty. 不听话. verb.
hĩ˧-tɕʰɯ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
family_members_of_same_generation. 兄弟姐妹/堂兄弟姐妹. society.

hĩ˧-tɕʰɯ˧ - hĩ˧-ʈʂɤ#˥
same meaning: the family members belonging to the same generation
同一辈的亲戚:兄弟姐妹、堂兄弟姐妹

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | njɤ˧ | hĩ˧ tɕʰɯ˧ ɲi˥!
(S)he is someone of my generation! (=my cousin, my brother/sister...)
他是跟我同一辈的亲戚!(=堂兄弟姐妹)

hĩ˧-tɕʰɯ˧ mɤ˧-ɲi˥ F | hĩ˧-tɕʰɯ˧ ʝi˧ tʰɑ˩-kv˩!
"Even if one is not (born) a family member, it is possible to become one!" A saying that refers to quasi-family links between friends, which amount to a form of adoption into the family circle.
“不是亲戚,也可以变成亲戚!”这个俗语来形容朋友之间的深情,变成像家人之间的感情。
Syn: hĩ˧-ʈʂɤ#˥
hĩ˧-ʈʂɤ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
family_members_of_same_generation. 兄弟姐妹/堂兄弟姐妹. society.

hĩ˧-tɕʰɯ˧ - hĩ˧-ʈʂɤ#˥
same meaning: the family members belonging to the same generation
同一辈的亲戚:兄弟姐妹、堂兄弟姐妹
Syn: hĩ˧-tɕʰɯ#˥
hĩ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_stand. 站. verb.
hĩ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_have_to. 应该. verb.

mɤ˧-hĩ˧
neg
否定

no˧ | ʝi˧-hĩ˧˥!
You have to do it!
你应该做!

njɤ˧ | ʝi˧-mɤ˧-hĩ˧-hĩ˥ | (ɖɯ˧-pi˧) ʝi˧-ze˩! |
I have done something I shouldn't have!
我做了一件不应该做的事!

no˧ | lo˧ ʝi˧-hĩ˧!
You have to work! / You must work!
你应该工作啊!
ho˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: mi˩ partridge. 雉. animal.

ho˧ tʰv˧-mi˧˥ / ho˧ tʰv˧-mi˥#
n + dem + clf
这只雉
ho˥ noun Tone: #H.
gruel. 粥. food.

ho˧ ʈʰɯ˧˥
to drink gruel
喝粥
ho˧ɕjæ˩ noun Tone: LM.
From: Chinese 火线 . 火线::cord_to_which_fire_is_put. 导火索. object.
ho˧di˧ noun Tone: M.
Sichuan. 四川. place name.
ho˧dʑɯ˧tɤ˥ɻ˩ noun Tone: #H-.
paste. 浆糊. food. See: ho˧dʑɯ˧˥
ho˧dʑɯ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
paste. 浆糊. food. See: ho˧dʑɯ˧tɤ˥ɻ˩
ho˧ko˧ noun Tone: M.
From: Chinese 火锅 . pot_for_hotpot. 火锅( 借词) . object.

æ̃˧-ho˧ko˥
copper pot for hotpot
铜火锅
ho˧mi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: mi˩ female_pheasant. 母雉. animal.

ho˧mi˧ tʰv˧-mi˧˥ / ho˧mi˧ tʰv˧-mi˥#
n + dem + clf
这个母雉

ho˧mi˧-ho˧pʰv˥ / ho˧mi˧-ho˥pʰv˩
female and male pheasant
母雉与公雉
ho˧pʰv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: mi˩ male_pheasant. 公雉. animal.

ho˧pʰv˧ tʰv˧-mi˧˥ / ho˧pʰv˧ tʰv˧-mi˥#
n + dem + clf
这只公雉
ho˧ʈʂɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
From: Chinese 蒿枝 . 蒿枝::mugwort. 蒿( 借词:蒿枝) . plant. See: tɕɤ˧qʰɑ#˥
ho˧zo#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ baby_pheasant. 小雉. animal.

ho˧zo˧ tʰv˧-ɭɯ#˥
n + dem + clf
这只小雉
ho˩ a adjective Tone: La.
From: chinois ancien:fn:合?. correct. 准确/合适. adjective.

mɤ˧-ho˩
neg
不合适,不准,不对

ho˩-ze˧!
pfv
对了! / 准确!

ho˩-hĩ˩˥
rel / nmlz
准确的
ho˩ɕjæ˧ noun Tone: LM.
From: Chinese 藿香 . hyssop. 藿香. plant.
ho˩dʑɯ˩ adjective Tone: L.
destitute. 穷苦. adjective.

ho˩dʑɯ˩-ze˥
pfv
变穷苦了
ho˩lo˧pv˥ noun Tone: LM+H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ From: Chinese 胡萝卜 . carrot. 胡萝卜. plant.
ho˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_sip. 小口地喝. verb.

ʐɯ˧ ho˧˥
to sip wine
小口地喝酒

ʐɯ˧ ho˧~ho˥
to sip wine
小口地喝酒

ʐɯ˧ | ɖɯ˧-ho˧~ho˥
to sip wine
喝一小口酒
hõ˧ verb Tone: M intrans.
to_go. imp . 走.°命令式. verb.

no˧ hõ˧!
Go!
你走吧!

no˧ | le˧-hõ˧!
Go!
你走吧!

ə˧-ze˧~ze˥ hõ˩! / ə˧-dzɤ˥ | le˧-hõ˧!
Walk slowly! / Take your time on the road! / Have a quiet and pleasant journey! (Polite salutation to someone who is leaving.)
慢走!

ɑ˩pʰo˩ hõ˩˥!
Get out!
出去!走开!滚出去!

imp . 命令式 . verb.

no˧ | dzɯ˧-hõ˧!
Eat!
你吃吧!
hõ˧-ɬi˧mi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
8th_month. 八月. time.
hõ˩tsʰi˧˥ numeral Tone: LM+MH#.
80. 80. number.
hõ˧˥ numeral Tone: MH.
8. 8. number.
hu˥ verb Tone: H.
to_wait. 等候. verb.

le˧-hu˥-ze˩
accomp _ pfv
等了

ɖɯ˧-hu˥ / ɖɯ˧-hu˧-ɻ˥
to wait a while / Wait a while!
等一下 / 请等一下!

hĩ˧ hu˧
to wait for someone
等人
hu˧mi˥$ noun Tone: H$.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ stomach. 胃. body.
hu˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_miss. 想念. verb.

ə˧mi˧ hu˧˥
to miss (one's) mother
想念母亲
hu˧˥ noun Tone: MH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ entrails. 内脏. body.
hɯ˧ verb Tone: M' intrans.
to_go. pst . 走.°过去式. verb.

(ki˧zo˧) | lo˧ ʝi˧-hɯ˧(-ze˩)!
Kizo has gone to work!
给若(人名)干活去了!

le˧-hɯ˩-hĩ˩ hĩ˩
euphemism for 'deceased person': literally 'person who has gone'
委婉语:‘走了的人’=去世了的人
hɯ˧ b classifier Tone: Mb.
clf .a_little/a_few . 量词 .一点 . classifier.

ʈʂʰæ˧ɣɯ˧ ɖɯ˧-hɯ˧
some medicines, a few medicines
一些药
hṽ˥ verb Tone: H.
to_stir_fry. 炒. verb.

hṽ˧~hṽ˧
red
重叠

le˧-hṽ˧~hṽ˧
accomp red
accomp red

hṽ˧~hṽ˧-ze˩
red pfv
炒了

ʂe˧ hṽ˧~hṽ˧
to stir-fry some meat
炒肉

v˩tsʰɤ˧ hṽ˧~hṽ˧
to stir-fry some vegetables
炒蔬菜

læ˧tsɯ˥ hṽ˩~hṽ˩
to stir-fry chili peppers
炒辣椒

hɑ˧ hṽ˧~hṽ˧
to stir-fry some rice, to stir-fry some food
炒饭
hṽ˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: kʰɯ˩ body_hair. 毛. body.
hṽ˧dɤ˧ɻ#˥ adjective Tone: #H.
clumsy. 笨拙. adjective.

hṽ˩-hĩ˩˥
rel
笨拙的

hṽ˧dɤ˧ɻ˧~hṽ˧dɤ˧ɻ˧-zo˥
clumsy person / clumsy boy
笨手笨脚的(男)人

hṽ˩ɖɻ˩~hṽ˧ɖɻ˧-gv˧
red
重叠:笨笨的
hṽ˧~hṽ˩-ɖʐæ˩~ɖʐæ˩ adjective Tone: L#-.
Etym: hṽ˩a 1. intensely_red. 红红的. adjective.
hṽ˧nɑ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: mi˩ wild_animal. 野兽. animal.
hṽ˩ a adjective Tone: La.
red. 红. adjective.
hṽ˩ a adjective Tone: La.
of_small_stature. 矮. adjective.
hṽ˩-ɖʐæ˩ɻæ˥ adjective Tone: L+H#.
Etym: hṽ˩a 1. intensely_red. 红红的. adjective.

hṽ˩ɖʐæ˩ɻæ˥-gv˩
intensely red, red all over
红红的

hṽ˩ɖʐæ˩˥ | hṽ˩ɖʐæ˩˥ gv˩
red; the first two syllables are higher-pitched than the following two
重叠
hṽ˩~hṽ˩ verb Tone: L.
to_disturb. 干扰. adjective.

hĩ˧ hṽ˥~hṽ˩
to annoy people
干扰人家
hwɑ˩kwɤ˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ From: Chinese 黄瓜 . 黄瓜::cucumber. 黄瓜( 借词) . plant.
hwæ˧ a verb Tone: Ma.
to_buy. 买. verb.

le˧-hwæ˧
accomp
accomp

tso˧~tso˧ hwæ˩
to buy things
买东西

ɖɯ˧-kʰwɤ˥ hwæ˩
to buy a piece (of something)
买一块

hwæ˧~hwæ˩
red
重叠
hwæ˧ɖʐæ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: mi˩ squirrel. 松鼠. animal.

hwæ˧ɖʐæ˥-pʰv˩
male squirrel
公松鼠

hwæ˧ɖʐæ˥-mi˩
female squirrel
母松鼠
hwæ˧ɖʐæ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: mi˩ wart. 瘊子. body.

hwæ˧ʈʂæ˥ tʰv˩
a wart forms
长瘊子

hwæ˧ʈʂæ˥ | le˧-tʰv˧-ze˧!
A wart has formed!
长瘊子了!
hwæ˧pʰæ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: pʰæ˧˥ piece_of_cloth. 一块布. clothing.
hwæ˧pʰæ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: nɑ˧ large_hoe. 大锄. agriculture.

hwæ˧pʰæ˩ tʰv˩-nɑ˩
n + dem + clf
这把大锄
hwæ˧pʰæ˩-gv˩-di˩ noun Tone: L#--.
classifier: nɑ˧ loom. 织布机. object.

hwæ˧pʰæ˩gv˩di˩-tɕi˩tɕʰi˧
industrial sewing machine (formed of the Na word plus the Chinese word for 'engine')
工业织布机。直译:“织布机器”(在摩梭词后面加上汉语的“机器”)
hwæ˧tsɯ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: mi˩ From: Chinese 耗子 . rat. 老鼠( 借词) . animal.

hwæ˧tsɯ˥-pʰv˩
male rat
公老鼠

hwæ˧tsɯ˥-mi˩
female rat
母老鼠
hwæ˧tsɯ˥-njɤ˩di˩ noun Tone: H#-.
classifier: dzi˩ setose_thisle. 大蓟. plant.
hwæ˧tsɯ˥-njɤ˩di˩-si˩dzi˩ noun Tone: H#--.
burdock. 牛蒡. plant.
hwæ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_close. 关(门). verb.

kʰi˧ | tʰi˧-hwæ˩!
Close the door!
关门吧!

ʂe˧bæ˧ | le˧-wo˧-hwæ˥

kʰi˧-bi˥ di˩-hĩ˩ ʂe˩bæ˩

See: ʈæ˩a
hwæ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_hang. 挂. verb.

tso˧~tso˧ | gɤ˧bi˧ hwæ˥
to suspend things up high (e.g. on a hook)
挂东西在上面

tso˧~tso˧ hwæ˥
to suspend things
挂东西

ʂe˧ | tʰi˧-hwæ˩
to hang meat (above the hearth, to smoke it)
挂肉(在火塘上,为了熏肉)

tso˧~tso˧ | tʰi˧-hwæ˩
to suspend things
挂东西

ʂe˧-hwæ˥-di˩
A small beam in the main room (right under the main beams) where meat is suspended to smoke it. The word literally means "thing to hang meat".
主屋里面的小梁(大梁下面),用来挂肉,熏肉。直译:“挂肉的东西”。

tso˧~tso˧-hwæ˥-di˩
object used to suspend things; this can refer to any object from a hook to a beam on which things are hung
挂(东西)用的(东西),如:钩子、用来挂肉的小梁……
hwɤ̃˩ a adjective Tone: La.
late. 迟. adjective.

hwɤ̃˩-hĩ˩˥
rel / nmlz
迟的

ʈʂʰɯ˧ ʑi˧-ʈi˥ hwɤ̃˩!
He/she gets up late!
他起床起得晚!
hwɤ˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ gift/donation. 大礼物. object.

hwɤ˧ | ɖɯ˧-kʰwɤ˥
a gift, a donation
一份大礼物
hwɤ˥ verb Tone: H.
to_participate_in_a_funeral. 执绋送丧. verb.
hwɤ˧ adjective Tone: M.
broad/vast. 宽敞. adjective.

qʰɑ˧-hwɤ˧-gv˧
extremely vast
非常宽敞
hwɤ˧kʰv˥ noun Tone: H#.
year_of_the_Cat. 鼠年. time.
hwɤ˧li˧-bv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: kɤ˧˥ lower_balcony. 夹层. house. Syn: hwɤ˧li˧-se˧-di˧˥
hwɤ˧li˧-se˧-di˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: kɤ˧˥ lower_balcony. 夹层. house. Syn: hwɤ˧li˧-bv˥
hwɤ˧li˧-ʂɯ˧mo˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: mi˩ old_cat. 老猫. animal.
hwɤ˧li˧-zo˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ kitten. 小猫. animal.
hwɤ˧li˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: mi˩ cat. 猫. animal.
hwɤ˧mi˥$ noun Tone: H$.
classifier: mi˩ she_cat. 母猫. animal.

hwɤ˧mi˧-hwɤ˥pʰv˩ / hwɤ˧mi˧-hwɤ˧pʰv˥#
she-cat and tom-cat
母猫与公猫
hwɤ˧pʰv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: mi˩ tom. 公猫. animal.

hwɤ˧pʰv˧ tʰv˧-mi˥#
n + dem + clf
那个公猫

hwɤ˧pʰv˧-hwɤ˧mi˥
tom-cat and she-cat
公猫与母猫
hwɤ˧se˧ noun Tone: M.
From: Chinese:花生 . peanuts. 花生. plant.

hwɤ˧se˧-qo˧tv˩
peanuts
花生米
hwɤ˧tɕi˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: po˧ curly_dock. 土大黄. plant.

hwɤ˧tɕi˥-bæ˩bæ˩
same meaning
同上

hwɤ˧tɕʰi˥-ʁo˩bv˩
sprouts of curly dock
土大黄的嫩芽
hwɤ˧zo#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ kitten. 小猫. animal.

hwɤ˧zo˧ tʰv˧-ɭɯ#˥
n + dem + clf
那个小猫

hwɤ˧zo˧-hwɤ˧mi˥
cats, the cat family: kitten and parents
猫,包括小猫、母猫和公猫
hwɤ˩ verb Tone: La.
to_pack_together. 捆. verb.

zɯ˧-wɤ˧ hwɤ˥
to make a bundle of hay
将草捆成一垛、捆一垛草

si˧-wɤ˧ hwɤ˥
to make a bundle of wood
将木头捆成一堆、捆一堆木头

hɑ˧-wɤ˧ hwɤ˥
to make a bundle of cut cereals
将粮食捆成一包、捆一包粮食

wɤ˩ hwɤ˩˥
to tie together into a bundle, to make a bundle
捆成一包

wɤ˩˥ | tʰi˧-hwɤ˩
and then, (we) tie (it) into a bundle!
然后,捆成一包!

wɤ˩˥ | ɖɯ˧-wɤ˩ hwɤ˩
to tie another bundle, to make (yet) another bundle
又捆一包

to_be_in_trouble. 有困难. verb.

hĩ˧, | wɤ˩ hwɤ˧ ʝi˧-ni˥gv˩!
The people seem to be unhappy / under strain! (Figuratively: they look all tied up, as if they were tied with a rope, unable to move = to live a normal life.)
人家难受,像被捆一样

wɤ˩hwɤ˧ ʝi˧-ni˥gv˩-ɲi˩-ze˩!
I have put myself in trouble! / I have made a lot of trouble for myself! / I have put my knickers in a twist!
我给自己找麻烦了!
hwɤ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_hand_over. 递. verb.

hĩ˧-ki˧ | tso˧~tso˧ hwɤ˥
to send some stuff to someone
给人家寄东西
hwɤ˩dʑɯ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ cabin. 山上小木房. house.
hwɤ˩kæ˧ noun Tone: LM.
red_birch. 红桦树. plant.

hwɤ˩kæ˧-si˧dzi˩
same meaning: red birch
同上:红桦树
hwɤ˩ʈi˥ verb Tone: LH.
to_rust. 生锈. verb.

hwɤ˩ʈi˥-ze˩
pfv : it has become rusty it has become rusty
生锈了
hwɤ˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_mend. 补. verb.

le˧-hwɤ˧˥
accomp
accomp

bɑ˩lɑ˩ hwɤ˥
to mend clothes
补衣服
hwɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH.
classifier: mi˩ cat. 猫. animal.
hwɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH.
rust. 锈. natural environment.