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Index dz
dzɑ˥
dzɑ˧ʈʂɤ#˥
dzɑ˩qʰwɤ˩
dze˥
dze˧bɤ˩
dze˧bo˧
dze˧dv˩
dze˧hi˧
dze˧kʰɤ˧˥
dze˧ɭɯ˧
dze˧ɭɯ˧-ɻ̃#˥
dze˧-ɻ̃#˥
dze˧-tɕʰi#˥
dze˧-ʈʂæ˥
dze˧ʈʂɯ˧
dze˧ʈʂʰɤ$˥
dze˩
dze˩ a
dze˩ a
dze˩ a
dze˩dʑɯ˧˥
dze˩mi˧
dze˩mi˧-bæ˩bæ˩
dze˩mi˧-dze#˥
dze˩mi˧-kʰv˩
dze˩mi˧-pv˥ɻ˩
dze˩˧
dzɤ˥ b
dzɤ˩ a
dzi˥
dzi˧ b
dzi˧dzi˧
dzi˧dzi˧-mo˧˥
dzi˧ɖæ˧
dzi˩
dzi˩
dzi˩ a
dzi˩ a
dzi˩ a
dzi˩ b
dzi˩ʁo˩
dzi˩tsʰɤ˩
dzi˧˥
dzo˥
dzo˧-lv˧~lv˥
dzo˧mi˧
dzo˧zo#˥
dzo˩
dzo˩~dzo˧˥
dzo˩mi#˥
dzo˩pʰv˩
dzo˩zo#˥
dzo˩˧
dzɯ˥
dzɯ˧tsɯ˧˥
dzɑ˥ adjective Tone: H.
adjective.
bad. 坏.

ʈʂʰɯ˧-ɳɯ˧ | njɤ˧-ki˧ | dzɑ˧-ʝi˧ | ʐwæ˩˥!
He really despises me!
他很瞧不起我!

hĩ˧ ʈʂʰɯ˧-v˧ dʑo˩, | õ˧-ki˥ | dzɑ˧-ʝi˧-ze˩!
This person has no self-respect! (literally: This person is doing herself harm)
这个人,不尊重自己!

mv˧ dzɑ˧.
The weather is bad.
天气很坏。

mv˧ dzɑ˧-ze˩
The weather is getting bad.
天气变坏了。

lo˧ dzɑ˧
poor (work), bad (job: e.g. someone has done a bad job)
(工作)差

poor. 穷.

dzɑ˧ | -ʐwæ˩-ze˥!
(He/she) is really poor!
他很穷!
dzɑ˧ʈʂɤ#˥ adjective Tone: #H.
destitute. 穷苦. adjective.

ɑ˩ʁo˧ | bo˩ʈʂʰæ˧ mɤ˧-dʑo˧, | dzɑ˧ʈʂɤ˧-kv˩!
If there is no fleshless preserved pork at home, it appears as if the family is really destitute!
如果家里没有猪膘,会显得很穷!

dzɑ˧ʈʂɤ˧ | ʐwæ˩˥!
It's really a shame / it's really something to be ashamed of! (Talking about a socially stigmatized situation, such as not having the required food items or pieces of clothing for important ceremonies.)
真羞耻啊!
dzɑ˩qʰwɤ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: dzi˧ shoe. 鞋. clothing.
dze˥ noun Tone: #H.
sugar. 糖. food.
dze˧bɤ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: mi˩ bat. 蝙蝠/飞鼠. animal.

dze˧bɤ˩-zo˩ | ɖɯ˧-ɭɯ˧
a baby bat
一只小蝙蝠

dze˧bɤ˩-pʰv˩ | ɖɯ˧-mi˩
a male bat
一只公蝙蝠

dze˧bɤ˩-mi˩ | ɖɯ˧-mi˩
a female bat
一只母蝙蝠
dze˧bo˧ noun Tone: M.
family_name. 一个姓. given name.

dze˧bo˧=ɻ˩
the /dze˧bo˧/ clan, the /dze˧bo˧/ family
者波家族

village_name. 者波村.

ɖæ˩ʂɯ#˥, | ʈʂo˧ʂɯ#˥, | bɤ˩tɕʰɯ˩˥, | dɑ˧pʰo˥, | bɤ˧dzi˩, | dze˧bo˧
the six villages of the plain of Yongning, in traditional order: by order of increasing distance from the Lake
永宁坝的六个村落,按传统排序:从距离泸沽湖最近的村落说起。
dze˧dv˩ noun Tone: L#.
cake/bread. 饼. food.

dze˧dv˩-pɤ˩jɤ˩
cake of cereals
粮食饼
dze˧hi˧ noun Tone: M.
in_laws. 丈人. society.

njɤ˧ | dze˧hi˧-ki˩ bi˩!
I'm going to my in-laws' place! / I'm going to visit my in-laws!
我去我丈人(那边)!

no˧ | dze˧hi˧ | ə˩-to˩-ze˥? - le˧-to˩-ze˩!
Do you have in-laws? / Do you stand in an 'in-law' relationship? (=Are you married?) - Yes, I have entered into such a relationship! (=Yes, I am married!)
你有丈人吗?(=你结婚了吗?)-有的!(=结婚了!)

no˧ | dze˧hi˧ to˩ ə˩-bi˩?
Do you have plans to get married? (Literally: Are you going to enter an 'in-law' relationship?)
你打算结婚吗?
dze˧kʰɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: commoner. 百姓. society.
dze˧ɭɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
wheat. 小麦. plant.
dze˧ɭɯ˧-ɻ̃#˥ noun Tone: #H.
wheat_straw. 麦杆. plant.
dze˧-ɻ̃#˥ noun Tone: #H.
wheat_straw. 小麦秆. plant.
dze˧-tɕʰi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
wheat_beard. 麦芒. plant.
dze˧-ʈʂæ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ sting_organ. 蜜蜂的螫針. animal.
dze˧ʈʂɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: nɑ˧ sieve. 筛子. object.
dze˧ʈʂʰɤ$˥ noun Tone: H$.
cereals. 粮食. agriculture.
dze˩ verb Tone: L.
to_be_left_over. 剩下. morphosyntax.

dzɯ˧-dze˥-ze˩!
There are some leftovers! / The food has not been eaten up!
剩了一些饭!/ 剩了一些吃的!

gɤ˩-dze˥ +ze˩!
There are some leftovers!
有剩下的!

ʈʰɯ˩ dze˩-ze˥
Some of the drink is left over! / (The drink) has not been drunk up!
喝剩了、没喝完

le˧-se˩-ze˩! | gɤ˩-mɤ˧-dze˩!
It's completely finished (=eaten up / drunk up)! There are no leftovers!
完了!(=全部吃/喝完了!)没有剩!
dze˩ a classifier Tone: La.
clf .packs_of_two . 量词 .瓶子/锅 . classifier.

zo˧mv˥ | ɖɯ˧-dze˩
twins (literally: 'a pair of children') (F5)
双胞胎(直译:“一对孩子”)

ʈʂʰɯ˧-dze˥
dem _ (tone: H# / H$)
指示代词 _
dze˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_fly. 飞. verb.

le˧-dze˩-hɯ˩-ze˩
(The bird) has flown away.
(鸟)飞走了。

mv˧ʁo˧ dze˧˥
to fly in the sky
在天空中飞
dze˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_cut. 切. verb.

le˧-dze˩
accomp
accomp

dze˧~dze˥
red
red

le˧-dze˧~dze˥
accomp _ red
accomp _ red

v˩tsʰɤ˧ dze˧~dze˥
to cut vegetables
切菜

nv˩dʑɯ˥ dze˩~dze˩
to cut tofu
切豆腐
dze˩dʑɯ˧˥ adjective Tone: LM+MH#.
arrogant. 骄傲. adjective.

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | hĩ˧-bi˥ | mɤ˧-li˧! | dze˩dʑɯ˧˥ | ʐwæ˧˥!
He despises others! He is very arrogant!
他看不起别人!他很骄傲!
dze˩mi˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: mi˩ bee. 蜜蜂. animal.
dze˩mi˧-bæ˩bæ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: bæ˩ Artemisia_suboligata. 茶绒蒿. plant.
dze˩mi˧-dze#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ Etym: dze˩mi˧; dze˥. honey. 蜂蜜. animal.

dze˩mi˧dze˧ dzɯ˧
to eat honey
吃蜂蜜
dze˩mi˧-kʰv˩ noun Tone: LM-L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ beehive. 蜂窝. animal.
dze˩mi˧-pv˥ɻ˩ noun Tone: LM+#H.
straight_ladybell. 沙参. plant.

dze˩mi˧-pv˥ɻ˩-kʰɯ˩ʈɯ˩
root of straight ladybell
沙参根
dze˩˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: mɤ˩ classifier: un peu wild_pepper. 花椒. plant.
dzɤ˥ b classifier Tone: Hb.
clf .sides . 量词 .面 . classifier.

ʈʂʰɯ˧-dzɤ˧
this side
这面

ɖɯ˧-dzɤ˥
one side
一面
dzɤ˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_collapse. 塌毁. verb.

mv˩tɕo˧ dzɤ˩
same meaning: to collapse
同上:塌毁

le˧-dzɤ˩-ze˩
accomp _ pfv
塌毁了
dzi˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ (*nɑ˧) chisel. 凿子. object.
dzi˧ b classifier Tone: Mb.
clf .pairs_as_units . 量词 .鞋 . classifier.

ɣɯ˩-dzɑ˩qʰwɤ˥ | ɖɯ˧-dzi˧
a pair of leather shoes
一双皮鞋
dzi˧dzi˧ noun Tone: M.
oriental_white_oak. 青冈树. plant.

dzi˧dzi˧, | si˧dzi˩-mv˩!
/dzi˧dzi˧/ is the name of a tree!
/dzi˧dzi˧/是一种树的名字!
Syn:
dzi˧dzi˧-mo˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
edible_mushroom_sp. 一种可以吃的菌子. plant.
dzi˧ɖæ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ location. 位置. house.
dzi˩ verb Tone: L.
to_come(of_night). 来(晚上来了). time.

nɑ˩˥ | le˧-dzi˩-ze˩!
The night has fallen! / It has got dark!
天黑了!

nɑ˩˥ | le˧-dzi˩ | le˧-se˩-ze˩!
It has got completely dark!
天完全黑了!
dzi˩ classifier Tone: Lc.
clf .costumes . 量词 .套 . classifier.

dʑi˧hṽ˥ | ɖɯ˧-dzi˩
a full set of dress, a complete dress
一套衣服

dʑi˧hṽ˧ ɖɯ˧-dzi˩
a full set of dress, a complete dress (same as preceding example, integrated into a single tone group)
一套衣服(同上,但将短语合在一起,构成一个单一的声调短语)
dzi˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_sit. 坐. verb.

tʰi˧-dzi˩!
Sit down!
坐下!

hĩ˧bæ˧ ʈʂʰɯ˧-qo˧ dzi˩.
The guest sits here.
客人是坐在这边的。

(ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ) tʰi˧-dzi˩-kʰɯ˩-se˩.
(S)he has got seated.
他坐下了。

le˧-dzi˧~dzi˥
to remain seated; used as a euphemism to mean: to sit with others at a funeral wake, to keep a deathwatch
坐一坐。来指:居丧、守灵(委婉语)

to_dwell. 住. verb.

dzi˩-bi˩-ni˩gv˩
to be accustomed to; to get accustomed to, to feel at ease, to adapt (to an environment)
习惯(一个新的环境、一个地方的饮食……)

dzi˩-bi˩-ni˩-mɤ˩-gv˩˥
not to get accustomed; to feel awkward
不习惯

njɤ˧ | ʈʂʰɯ˧-qo˧ | dzi˩-bi˩-ni˩-mɤ˩-gv˩˥
I can't get accustomed (to this place)! / (I) can't make myself at ease here! / (I) don't like it here!
我不习惯这里! / 我不喜欢这里! / 我不想待了!
dzi˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_gather. 聚集. verb.

ɖɯ˧-ʁwɤ˧ | le˧-dzi˧~dzi˥
the whole village gathered together
全村都聚集在一起

hĩ˧ ɖɯ˧-v˧ | le˧-ʂɯ˧-ze˧! le˧-dzi˧~dzi˥ jo˩!
Someone has passed away! Come and join the gathering!
一个人去世了!来参加丧礼吧!
dzi˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_sink. 掉入. verb.

mv˩tɕo˧ dzi˩
to sink down
往下掉入、沉下去
dzi˩ b classifier Tone: Lb.
clf .trees . 量词 .树 . classifier.

si˧dzi˩ | ɖɯ˧-dzi˩
a tree
一棵树

tʰv˧-dzi˧˥
that tree
那棵树
dzi˩ʁo˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ seat. 座位. house.
dzi˩tsʰɤ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: dzi˩ shrub_sp. 一种灌木. plant.
dzi˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_tremble. 颤抖. verb.

njɤ˩ dzi˧˥
the eyelid trembles (literally 'the eye trembles')
眼皮跳

njɤ˩ dzi˧-ze˥
the eyelid trembles
眼皮跳

njɤ˩ dzi˧˥ | ʐwæ˩˥
the eyelid trembles terribly
眼皮跳得很厉害

njɤ˩˥ | le˧-dzi˧-ze˥
the eyelid trembles
眼皮跳

njɤ˩˥ | mɤ˧-dzi˧˥
the eyelid does not tremble
眼皮不跳
dzo˥ noun Tone: #H.
hail. 冰雹. natural environment.

dzo˧ lɑ˩
there is some hail
下冰雹

dzo˧ gi˧-ze˩
there is some hail
下冰雹了
dzo˧-lv˧~lv˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ hailstone. 冰雹. natural environment.
dzo˧mi˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ large_vat. 大桶. object.
dzo˧zo#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ small_vat. 小桶. object.
dzo˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: pɤ˩ classifier: nɑ˧ bridge. 桥. object.

dzo˧ | ɖɯ˧ pɤ˩
a bridge
一辆桥

dzo˩ bæ˩˥
to sweep (a/the) bridge
扫桥

njɤ˧ | dzo˩ bæ˩-zo˩-ho˥.
I have to sweep the bridge.
我要扫桥了。

dzo˩ gv˩˥
to build (/repair) a bridge
建一辆桥

njɤ˧ | dzo˩ gv˩-zo˩-ho˥.
I have to build (/repair) a bridge.
dzo˩~dzo˧˥ verb Tone: MH.
to_laugh_at. 嘲笑. verb.

hĩ˧ dzo˧-dzo˥-ho˩-ni˩zo˩!
It looks like (he/she) is going to poke fun (at...)
他好像要开始取笑人家了!

tʰɑ˧ dzo˩~dzo˩!
Don't laugh at people!
别嘲笑(人家)!
dzo˩mi#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: mi˩ female_lizard. 母壁虎. animal.

dzo˧mi˧-dzo˩pʰv˩
female lizard and male lizard
母壁虎与公壁虎
dzo˩pʰv˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: mi˩ classifier: ɭɯ˧ male_lizard. 公壁虎. animal.

dzo˩pʰv˩-dzo˩mi˥
male lizard and female lizard
公壁虎与母壁虎
dzo˩zo#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: mi˩ classifier: ɭɯ˧ baby_lizard. 小壁虎. animal.
dzo˩˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: mi˩ lizard. 壁虎. animal.

dzo˩ hwæ˧-ze˧
...bought (a) lizard
买了壁虎

dzo˩ dzɯ˧-ze˩
...ate (a) lizard
吃了壁虎
dzɯ˥ verb Tone: H.
to_eat. 吃. verb.

le˧-dzɯ˥
accomp
实施

hɑ˧ dzɯ˧
to have a meal; to take some food
吃饭

njɤ˧ | hɑ˧ le˧-dzɯ˥-ze˩
I have eaten. / I have had a meal.
我吃过饭了。

dzɯ˧-di˧˥
food, thing to eat
吃的(东西)

dzɯ˧-bi˩-ze˩!
Let's eat! / It's time to eat!
要吃饭了!
dzɯ˧tsɯ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: pʰæ˧˥ shrub_sp. 一种灌木. plant.