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Index ɻ
ɻwæ˥
ɻwæ˥ b
ɻ˧bɤ˧
ɻ˧qʰv˧
ɻ˧tɑ˧
ɻ˩
ɻæ˩ a
ɻ˩ b
ɻ˩ɻ˧-lo˩
ɻ˩ʈʂʰe#˥
ɻ˩ʈʂʰe˧-tsʰɯ˩ɻ˩
ɻæ˩˥
ɻæ˩˥
ɻ̃˥
ɻ̃˥
ɻ̃˧
ɻ̃˧ b
ɻ̃˧hæ˩
ɻ̃˧kɤ˩
ɻ̃˧ko˩
ɻ̃˧mi˧
ɻ̃˧ʈʂæ˩
ɻwæ˥ verb Tone: H.
to_cry. 叫. verb.

mɤ˧-ɻwæ˥
neg
不叫

ɻwæ˧~ɻwæ˧
red
重叠

hĩ˧ ɻwæ˧-dʑo˩
Someone is shouting
有人在叫。

ɖɯ˧-ɻwæ˧-ɻ˥
to call out
叫一声

hwɤ˧li˧ ɻwæ˥-dʑo˩
the cat is calling/crying
猫在叫

æ˩ ɻwæ˥
the chicken is cackling
鸡在叫

ʐwæ˧pʰæ˧di˧˥ | tʰi˧-ɻwæ˥-dʑo˩
the donkey is braying
驴在叫

ʐwæ˧ | tʰi˧-ɻwæ˥-dʑo˩
the horse is whinnying
马在嘶

ʐwæ˧ ɻwæ˧-dʑo˩!
the horse is whinnying
马在嘶

to_invite. 请.

ɖɯ˧-ɻwæ˧-ɻ˥
delimitative _ inceptive
请来一下

tʰɑ˧-ɻwæ˥!
prohib
不要请!

ɻwæ˧-mɤ˧-bi˧!
(We)'re not inviting (him/her)!
不请他!
ɻwæ˥ b classifier Tone: Hb.
clf .places . 量词 .地方 . time.

tʰv˧-ɻwæ˧-qo˥ | mɤ˧-tʰv˧-sɯ˩!
...has never been to those places
还没到这些地方
ɻ˧bɤ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ truth. 实情. abstract.

njɤ˧-ɳɯ˧ | ɻ˧bɤ˧ | ʐwɤ˩-bi˩˥!
I am going to tell the truth!
我要把实情说出来!
ɻ˧qʰv˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ warm_springs. 温泉. natural environment.

ɻ˧qʰv˧-dʑɯ˩
warm spring water (not drinkable)
温泉水(不可饮用)
ɻ˧tɑ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ glands. 淋巴结. body.
ɻ˩ noun Tone: L.
side/direction. 面. space.

ʐv˧-ɻ˥
the four directions, the four sides (e.g. of a house)
四面
ɻæ˩ a adjective Tone: La.
shrivelled. 瘪. adjective.

ɻæ˩-hĩ˩˥
rel / nmlz
瘪的

ɻæ˩ti˩ɻæ˥ (-gv˩)
shrivelled, flat, shrunken
瘪瘪的
ɻ˩ b verb Tone: Lb.
to_face. 对着. verb.

mɤ˧-ɻ˩
neg
neg

ɖɯ˧-ɻ˧~ɻ˩
delimitative _ red
delimitative _ red

ze˩gi˧ ɻ˥?
In which direction should (I) look? / Which direction should I turn to?
(我要)往哪边转?

no˧ | ʈʂʰɯ˧tɕo˧ ɻ˩!
Turn this way! / Turn towards this direction!
你往这里转/往这里看!

gɤ˩-ɻ˥ mv˩-ɻ˩, | ə˧tso˧ li˧?
You turn in all directions; what are you looking for/at? / What are you looking for in all directions?
你左转右转,(到底)在看什么?
ɻ˩ɻ˧-lo˩ noun Tone: LM-L.
horse_in_second_position. 马帮中的第二匹马. society.
ɻ˩ʈʂʰe#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
masculine_given_name. 男性名字. given name.
ɻ˩ʈʂʰe˧-tsʰɯ˩ɻ˩ noun Tone: LM-L.
masculine_given_name. 男性名字. given name.
ɻæ˩˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ classifier: objets ronds seed. 种子. plant.
ɻæ˩˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ yoke. 牛轭. agriculture.

ʝi˧-ɻæ˥
same meaning as the monosyllabic form: yoke (literally 'ox yoke')
牛轭

ɻæ˩ ʈʂʰɯ˩-ɭɯ˥ / ɻæ˩ ʈʂʰɯ˩-ɭɯ˩˥
n + dem + clf; allows two variants
这个牛轭
ɻ̃˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: kɤ˧˥ bone. 骨头. body.
ɻ̃˥ adjective Tone: H.
destitute. 困难. adjective.

le˧-ɻ̃˥-ze˩!
[(S)he] is really poor/helpless!
(他)真的很穷苦!

le˧-ɻ̃˧-bi˧
accomp _ fut_imm
accomp _ fut_imm

mɤ˧-ɻ̃˥
neg
neg

le˧-ɻ̃˧-zo˥, | ɻ̃˧-lɑ˩ bi˩-mɤ˩-dʑɯ˩!
"Sure, we're in poverty/we're hungry, but not to the point where bones are bare!" Play on words on 'poor, destitute' and 'bone', which are homophonous. The proverb is used to relativize people's perceived degree of misfortune.
很困难,也还没有到饿死的程度啊! / 再困难,也还没饿死!(直译:“再困难,也没有露出骨头!”这个成语,来安慰认为自己太可怜的人。)

ɻ̃˧-ʐwɤ˧˥
to complain
诉苦、抱怨

ɻ̃˧-ʐwɤ˧ | dɑ˧-ʐwɤ˧-ɻ˥
to tell one's miseries, to complain about one's fate
诉苦、讲自己的不幸

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | mɑ˧dɑ˩-qʰwɤ˩, | ɻ̃˧-ʐwɤ˧ | dɑ˧-ʐwɤ˧-ɻ˥!
He is unhappy; he spends his time complaining / he is always complaining!
他不幸福,一直在讲自己怎么可怜!
ɻ̃˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɻ̃˧ clan. 家族. society.

ɻ̃˧ ɖɯ˧-ɻ̃˧
one clan
一个家族
ɻ̃˧ b classifier Tone: Mb.
clf .clans . 量词 .家族 . classifier.
ɻ̃˧hæ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ classifier: kɤ˧˥ cartilage. 软骨. body.
ɻ̃˧kɤ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: kɤ˧˥ backbone. 脊椎骨. body.
ɻ̃˧ko˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: kɤ˧˥ shinbone. body.

hĩ˧-dzɑ˧ | ɖʐe˧ tʰɑ˧-ʝi˥, | ɻ̃˧ko˩ mi˩ tʰɑ˩-tʰv˩. |
The poor must not borrow money; the shinbone must not receive wounds! (Proverb, to explain that one must avoid hitting weak/sensitive spots.)
“穷人莫借钱,胫骨莫受伤!”
ɻ̃˧mi˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: kɤ˧˥ trunk. 树干. plant.

si˧dzi˩-ɻ̃˩mi˩
tree trunk
树干
ɻ̃˧ʈʂæ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: ʈʂæ˧˥ joint. 关节. body.