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na
Index ɲ
ɲi˥
ɲi˥
ɲi˥
ɲi˥ b
ɲi˧
ɲi˧ a
ɲi˧dʑɯ˧
ɲi˧gɤ#˥
ɲi˧gɤ˧-bæ˧˥
ɲi˧gɤ˧-dʑɯ˧˥
ɲi˧ɬi˧mi˧
ɲi˧mi˧
ɲi˧mi˧dɑ˧dzɯ#˥
ɲi˧mi˧-gv˩
ɲi˧mi˧-kʰɯ˧ʂɯ˧
ɲi˧mi˧tʰv#˥
ɲi˧mi˧-ʈæ˧ʂɯ˧
ɲi˧nɑ˩
ɲi˧pʰv˩
ɲi˧qʰv˧
ɲi˧se˩
ɲi˧to˧
ɲi˧tsi˧
ɲi˧tsi˧-ɖɯ˧˥
ɲi˧tsi˧-gv˧
ɲi˧tsi˧-hõ˧˥
ɲi˧tsi˧-ɲi˧˥
ɲi˧tsi˧-ŋwɤ˧
ɲi˧tsi˧-qʰv˧˥
ɲi˧tsi˧-so˩
ɲi˧tsi˧-ʂɯ˧
ɲi˧tsi˧-ʐv˧
ɲi˧-ʈʂæ˧-ʑi˧˥
ɲi˧ze˧-hæ̃˩ze˩
ɲi˧zo#˥
ɲi˩
ɲi˩
ɲi˩ a
ɲi˩ a
ɲi˩ a
ɲi˩bv˩
ɲi˩bv˩-ʂe˩sɑ˧
ɲi˩mɑ#˥
ɲi˩pʰv˩
ɲi˩=ɻ˥
ɲi˩tsɯ#˥
ɲi˩ʈʂe˩
ɲi˧˥
ɲi˥ verb Tone: H.
to_listen. 听. verb.

tʰi˧-ɲi˥
dur
dur

tso˧~tso˧ ɲi˧
to listen to things
听东西

le˧-ɲi˥-ze˩
accomp _ pfv
听了
ɲi˥ verb Tone: H.
to_borrow. 向别人借. verb.

hĩ˧-ki˧ | tso˧~tso˧ ɲi˧ |
to borrow things from someone
向别人借东西
ɲi˥ verb Tone: H.
to_lose. 败. verb.
ɲi˥ b classifier Tone: Hb.
clf .days . 量词 .天 . classifier.

ɖɯ˧-ɲi˥
one day
一天
ɲi˧ adjective Tone: M.
satiated. 饱. adjective.

le˧-ɲi˧-ze˧
accomp _ pfv
饱了

hɑ˧-ɲi˧(-ze˩)
I am full. / I am satiated.
吃饱了。 / 吃饱饭了。

njɤ˧ | le˧-ɲi˧-ze˧!
I am full. / I am satiated.
我饱了。
ɲi˧ a verb Tone: Ma.
to_need. 需要. verb.

no˧ | ə˩-ɲi˧? | mɤ˧-ɲi˧!
Do you want (some)? - No!
你要吗?- 不要!
ɲi˧dʑɯ˧ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ penis. 男生殖器. body.
ɲi˧gɤ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ nose. 鼻子. body.
ɲi˧gɤ˧-bæ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: kʰɯ˩ nose_rope/nasal_ring. 牛鼻绳/牛鼻圈. object.
ɲi˧gɤ˧-dʑɯ˧˥ noun Tone: °MH.
snivel. 鼻涕. body.
ɲi˧ɬi˧mi˧ noun Tone: M.
2nd_month. 二月. time.
ɲi˧mi˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ sun. 太阳. natural environment.

ɲi˧mi˧ tʰv˧
the sun rises
太阳出来、日出

day/time. 日/时间. natural environment.
ɲi˧mi˧dɑ˧dzɯ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ʂɯ˩ solar_eclipse. 日蚀. natural environment.

ɲi˧mi˧dɑ˧dzɯ˧ tʰv˧
there is a solar eclipse
有日蚀

ɲi˧mi˧dɑ˧dzɯ˧ ɲi˥!
Yes, it's a solar eclipse!
是的,是日蚀!
ɲi˧mi˧-gv˩ noun Tone: °L.
west. 西方. space.

ɲi˧mi˧gv˩-gi˩-dzɤ˩ se˩
to walk towards the west
往西边走
ɲi˧mi˧-kʰɯ˧ʂɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: kʰɯ˩ rays_of_sunshine. 太阳的光线. natural environment.
ɲi˧mi˧tʰv#˥ noun Tone: #H.
east. 东方. space.

ɲi˧mi˧tʰv˧-gi˧
the direction of the east
东方方向

ɲi˧mi˧tʰv˧-gi˧ | se˧
to walk towards the east
向东面走

ɲi˧mi˧tʰv˧-gi˧ | dʑo˩˥
to live in the East, to live in the Orient. (Context: the consultant imagines that I am in Europe, thinking of her, saying: 'She lives in the Orient'.)
住在东方(合作人想象我在欧洲,想着她说:‘她住在东方’。)
ɲi˧mi˧-ʈæ˧ʂɯ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: dzi˩ sunflower. 葵花. plant.
ɲi˧nɑ˩ noun Tone: L#.
cane/rattan. 藤子. plant.
ɲi˧pʰv˩ noun Tone: L#.
frost. 霜. natural environment.

ɲi˧pʰv˩ lɑ˩-ze˩
there is some frost
有霜
ɲi˧qʰv˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ nostril. 鼻孔. body.
snivel. 鼻涕.
ɲi˧se˩ noun Tone: L#.
village_name. 小落水(村落名). place name.

ɲi˧se˩, | nɑ˩-lɑ˧ ɲi˥!
Nhissei is a thoroughly Na village! / Na is populated entirely by Na people!
小落水,是纯摩梭的一个村落!

ɬi˧ki˧, | ɲi˧se˩, | tɑ˧dzi˩, | mv˧qʰwæ˩, | lɑ˧tʰɑ˧-di˧˥
Villages that one passes when moving away from the Yongning plain, towards Lugu lake. These villages do not count as part of Yongning proper. The last, /lɑ˧tʰɑ˧-di˧˥/ , is not a village name like the preceding four: it refers to the entire Na area beyond the fourth village.
永宁到泸沽湖所经过的村落,依次是:里格、尼赛、大祖、木垮,然后到拉塔地(拉塔地指的是泸沽湖周边的摩梭地区,包括左所、洛水村等)
ɲi˧to˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ mouth. 嘴巴. body.

ɲi˧to˧ ʈʂʰwæ˩
talkative
多嘴、拉不断扯不断(直译:“嘴快”)
ɲi˧tsi˧ numeral
20. 20. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-ɖɯ˧˥ numeral Tone: °MH#.
21. 21. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-gv˧ numeral
29. 29. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-hõ˧˥ numeral Tone: °MH#.
28. 28. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-ɲi˧˥ numeral Tone: °MH#.
22. 22. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-ŋwɤ˧ numeral
25. 25. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-qʰv˧˥ numeral Tone: °MH#.
26. 26. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-so˩ numeral Tone: °L.
23. 23. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-ʂɯ˧ numeral
27. 27. number.
ɲi˧tsi˧-ʐv˧ numeral
24. 24. number.
ɲi˧-ʈʂæ˧-ʑi˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ two_floor_building. 二层房. house.

ɲi˧-ʈʂæ˧-ʑi˧-di˥
same meaning
同上
ɲi˧ze˧-hæ̃˩ze˩ noun Tone: °L.
classifier: mi˩ swift. 雨燕. animal.
ɲi˧zo#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: mi˩ fish. 鱼. animal.

ɲi˧zo˧ tʰv˧-mi˥# / ɲi˧zo˧ tʰv˧-mi˧˥
n + dem + clf
那条鱼

ɲi˧zo˧-tɑ˧pv˥
dried fish
干鱼
ɲi˩ verb Tone: La.
to_press/to_hold. 夹. verb.

ɖɯ˧-ɲi˧~ɲi˥-ɻ˩
to press a little
夹一点
ɲi˩ pronoun Tone: L.
who. 谁. morphosyntax.

ɲi˩ ɲi˧?
Who is that?
是谁?

no˧ | ɲi˩ ɲi˧?
Who are you?
你是谁?

ʈʂʰɯ˧ | ɲi˩ ɲi˧?
Who is this person?
他是谁?

no˧ | ɲi˩˥ | -ki˩ bi˩-pi˩, | ɖɯ˧-bæ˧ lɑ˧ ɲi˥!
No matter where you go, it's the same everywhere!
无论你去谁(家),都一样!

no˧ | ɲi˩-ki˥ bi˩-pi˩, | ɖɯ˧-bæ˧ lɑ˧ ɲi˥!
As previous example, with a different division into tone groups
同上,声调段界不同
ɲi˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_twine. 捻. verb.

le˧-ɲi˩
accomp
accomp

sɑ˧ ɲi˥
to twine hemp (to make thread)
捻麻

ɖɯ˧-ɲi˧~ɲi˥-ɻ˩
delimitative red inceptive
捻一捻
ɲi˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_break. verb.

le˧-ɲi˩-ze˩
accomp _ pfv : it's broken! it's broken!
坏了!/破了!

tso˧~tso˧ ɲi˥
to break things
东西坏了
ɲi˩ a verb Tone: La.
cop . 系词 . morphosyntax.
ɲi˩bv˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: mi˩ grasshopper. 蟋蟀. animal.
ɲi˩bv˩-ʂe˩sɑ˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: mi˩ dragonfly. 蜻蜓. animal.
ɲi˩mɑ#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
masculine_given_name. 男性名字. given name.
ɲi˩pʰv˩ noun Tone: L.
water_mint. 水薄荷. plant.

ɲi˩pʰv˩-bæ˥bæ˩
flower of water mint, water mint flower
水薄荷花
ɲi˩=ɻ˥ pronoun Tone: LM+H#.
2associative . 第二人称,联想复数. morphosyntax.
ɲi˩tsɯ#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: Hmong. 苗族. ethnic groups.
ɲi˩ʈʂe˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: door_bar. 门闩. object.

ɲi˩ʈʂe˩ tʰi˥-kʰɯ˩, | tʰi˧-ʈæ˩!
Put on the door bar, to lock (the main door)!
放门闩,(好好)锁(门)!
ɲi˧˥ numeral Tone: MH.
2. 2. number.