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æ˧bæ˧
æ˧bæ˧-ʈʂʰæ˧ɣɯ#˥
æ˧-hi˩hi˩
æ˧ʝi˩
æ˧ɲi#˥
æ˧ʁwæ˧
æ˧ʂæ#˥
æ˧ʂæ˧
æ˧ʂæ˧-pi˧mv˧˥
æ˧ʂæ˧-qʰwæ#˥
æ˧ʂæ˧-qʰwɤ˧˥
æ˧ʂæ˧-tɑ˩mv˩
æ˧tse˥-pʰæ˩
æ˧tsɯ˥-pɤ˩lv˩
æ˧ʈwɤ˩
æ˧ʈwɤ˩-mv˩kʰv˩
æ˩gv˩
æ˩gv˩-mæ˩qo˥
æ˩mi˧-mv˧ʈv˥
æ˩mi˧-ʁwɤ#˥
æ˩mo˧
æ˩pʰæ˧˥
æ˩qʰv˥
æ˩ʈv˥
æ̃˥
æ̃˧qæ˩
æ̃˧qæ˩
æ̃˧ʂwæ˥
æ̃˧tsɯ˥
æ̃˧tsɯ˥-kʰɯ˩ʈʂɤ˩-mo˩
æ̃˧-v#˥
æ̃˩ a
æ̃˩ a
æ̃˩ a
æ̃˩bi˩
æ̃˩bv˥
æ̃˩-kʰv˧˥
æ̃˩li˧pʰæ˥
æ̃˩ɬi#˥
æ̃˩mi˧
æ̃˩ʁv˩
æ̃˩ʂe˧li˥-mo˩
æ̃˩ʂe˩
æ̃˩zɯ˩
æ̃˩˥
æ̃˩˧
æ˧bæ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ goitre. 甲状腺肿瘤. body.
æ˧bæ˧-ʈʂʰæ˧ɣɯ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
kelp. 海带. plant.
æ˧-hi˩hi˩ interjection Tone: °L.
intj_défiance . 表示蔑视的叫声. interjection.

æ˧-hi˩hi˩ kʰɯ˩
to shout a cry of defiance or provocation
喊出蔑视、挑衅或欢呼的叫声
æ˧ʝi˩ noun Tone: L#.
enjoyment. 娱乐. abstract.

æ˧ʝi˩ kʰɯ˩
to have fun, to crack jokes, to enjoy oneself
玩耍、开玩笑:大声聊天、唱唱歌、讲笑话……
æ˧ɲi#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ clarinet. 唢呐. music.
æ˧ʁwæ˧ noun Tone: M.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ apricot. 杏. plant.

æ˧ʁwæ˧ | ɖɯ˧-ɭɯ˧
an apricot
一颗杏
æ˧ʂæ#˥ adverb Tone: #H.
yore. 从前. time.

æ˧ʂæ˧-kɤ˥ʈʂɯ˩
Sayings of the old times, oral traditions of the old times
过去的说法,过去的口传文化
æ˧ʂæ˧ noun Tone: M.
name_of_a_mountain. 一座山的名字. place name.

kɤ˧mv˧˥, | æ˧ʂæ˧, | ŋwɤ˧hɑ̃˩, | ʂwæ˧gv#˥, | nɑ˩tsʰi˩˥ | -tɕʰɤ˧pɤ˧mi#˥, | qv˧ɻ˧-ʈʂʰɑ˧nɑ˥ |
The six mountains of Yongning that carry a name and have a definite symbolic value. The other mountains do not have comparable symbolic value, and fewer people use specific names for them.
永宁地区有固定名字的六座山。其它的山,因为没有重要的象征意义,因此没有取名。
æ˧ʂæ˧-pi˧mv˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ Etym: æ˧ʂæ#˥; pi˧mv˥$. folk_tale. 传统故事. language.
æ˧ʂæ˧-qʰwæ#˥ noun Tone: #H.
Etym: æ˧ʂæ#˥; qʰwæ˧. oral_tradition. 口传文化. language.

æ˧ʂæ˧-qʰwæ˧-ɳɯ˥ | dʑo˩-ɲi˥!
"I'm not making this up:) this is part of what the old folks have passed down to us! / This is what our traditions say!" (Context: the speaker cites a proverb or saying, and emphasizes that it is to be taken seriously.)
“(这些道理,不是我个人的意见:)传统中是这样讲的! / 咱们的口传文化中就是这么讲的!”(情景:一个人提到一个谚语,也强调这些不是空话,而是重要的一个道理。)
æ˧ʂæ˧-qʰwɤ˧˥ noun Tone: MH#.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ story. 故事. language.

æ˧ʂæ˧qʰwɤ˧ ʐwɤ˧˥
to tell a story
讲故事

ə˧ʝi˧-ʂɯ˥ʝi˩, | æ˧ʂæ˧qʰwɤ˧ ʐwɤ˧-kv˥!
In the old times, (people) used to tell stories!
在过去,大家经常讲故事!
æ˧ʂæ˧-tɑ˩mv˩ noun Tone: °L.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ Etym: æ˧ʂæ#˥; tɑ˩mv˩. folk_tale/legend. language.

æ˧ʂæ˧-tɑ˩mv˩ tʰv˩-kʰwɤ˩
that legend
那个传统故事
æ˧tse˥-pʰæ˩ noun Tone: H#-L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ kneebone. 膝盖骨. body.
æ˧tsɯ˥-pɤ˩lv˩ noun Tone: H#-L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ nape. 项背. body.
æ˧ʈwɤ˩ noun Tone: L#.
early_morning. 清晨. time.
æ˧ʈwɤ˩-mv˩kʰv˩ adverb Tone: L#-L.
constantly. 一直不停. time.
æ˩gv˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: nɑ˧ ard. 犁. agriculture.

æ˩gv˩ tʰv˩-nɑ˥
n + dem + clf
这个犁

æ˩-mo˥
used ard, plough which cannot be used anymore
陈旧的犁头(不能再用了)

æ˩mo˥ tʰv˩-nɑ˩
n + dem + clf
这个旧犁杆

æ˩-ʂɯ˩˥
new ard, brand new ard
新的犁头
æ˩gv˩-mæ˩qo˥ noun Tone: L+H#.
classifier: nɑ˧ ard_handle. 犁耙子. agriculture.

æ̃˩gv˩-mæ˩ ʑi˩-hĩ˥
the person holding the handle of the ard
抓着犁耙子的人

æ̃˩gv˩-mæ˩qo˥ tʰv˩-nɑ˩
n + dem + clf
这个犁耙子
æ˩mi˧-mv˧ʈv˥ noun Tone: LM+H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ anklebone. 踝骨. body.
æ˩mi˧-ʁwɤ#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
Amiwa.place_name. 阿咪瓦村. place name.

dʑɤ˩bv˧kɤ˧-sɑ˥ʁwɤ˩, | hi˩ʁwɤ˩-lo˥, | æ˩mi˧-ʁwɤ#˥, | lɑ˧lo˧-ʁwɤ˥, | lɑ˧ŋwɤ˧, | bɤ˧tsʰo˧gv˥, | ə˧lɑ˧-ʁwɤ#˥, | gæ˧ɻæ˩, | qʰæ˧tɕʰi˧, | tʰo˧ʈɯ#˥
the ten villages traditionally considered as part of Yongning
摩梭传统地理概念中,属于永宁的十个村落
æ˩mo˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: nɑ˧ beam_of_the_ard. 犁杆. agriculture.

æ˩gv˩-mo˥
same meaning
同上
See: æ˩gv˩
æ˩pʰæ˧˥ noun Tone: LM+MH#.
classifier: pʰæ˧˥ cliff. 悬崖. natural environment.

æ˩pʰæ˧-lɑ˧bi˥
same meaning
同上
æ˩qʰv˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ cavern. 小山洞. natural environment.
æ˩ʈv˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ʈv˩ large_rock. 大岩石. natural environment.
æ̃˥ noun Tone: #H.
brass. 铜. natural environment.

æ̃˧tso˧-æ̃˧mo˩
instruments and objects made of brass
铜做的工具、物品

æ̃˧ lɑ˩-zo˩-ɳɯ˩, | ʂe˧ mɤ˧-lɑ˧˥!
"The man who works copper does not work iron!" These two specialties require different skills: physical strength for working iron; and delicate gestures for working copper. This saying is used to point out that each person has her/his own area of expertise.
“打铜的人,不打铁!”这两种工作需要不同的能力:打铁需要体力,打铜需要细致。这个谚语意指:每个人有他的专业,不能随便跨越到其它领域去。
æ̃˧qæ˩ noun Tone: L#.
classifier: mi˩ parrot. 鹦鹉. animal. See: æ̃˧qæ˩2
æ̃˧qæ˩ adjective Tone: L#.
blue/green. 青色. adjective.

æ̃˧qæ˩-ni˩gv˩
vivid-coloured, blue-green; literally 'like a parrot', i.e. 'parrot-coloured'
像鹦鹉的颜色:青、蓝色、绿色

æ̃˧qæ˩-bɑ˩lɑ˩
vivid-coloured, blue-green jacket: literally 'parrot(-coloured) jacket'
青、蓝色、绿色衣服

æ̃˧qæ˩ni˩~æ̃˧qæ˩ni˩gv˩
red; same meaning: blue-green
重叠。同上:青色
See: æ̃˧qæ˩1
æ̃˧ʂwæ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: mi˩ rooster. 公鸡. animal.

æ̃˧ʂwæ˥-æ̃˩mi˩
cock and hen
公鸡与母鸡
æ̃˧tsɯ˥ noun Tone: H#.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ chick. 雏鸡. animal.
æ̃˧tsɯ˥-kʰɯ˩ʈʂɤ˩-mo˩ noun Tone: H#-.
chicken_claw_mushroom. 扫把菌. plant.
æ̃˧-v#˥ noun Tone: #H.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ copper_pot. 铜锅. object.
æ̃˩ a classifier Tone: La.
clf .fire . 量词 .火 . classifier.

mv˧ | ʈʂʰɯ˧-æ̃˥
this fire (tone: H# / H$)
这团火
æ̃˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_reflect. 反射. verb.
æ̃˩ a verb Tone: La.
to_get_stuck. 塞. verb.

ʝi˩mi˩˥ | ɖʐæ˩qʰæ˧-qo˩ æ̃˩!
The cow is stuck in the mud.
牛陷在泥巴里。
æ̃˩bi˩ noun Tone: L.
A_Bi.place_name. 村落名. place name.

æ̃˩bi˩-ʁwɤ˥
same meaning: the village of fv:/æ̃˩bi˩/
同上

æ̃˩bi˩-hĩ˥ ɲi˩!
[(S)he] is from the village of /æ̃˩bi˩/!
是|fv /æ̃˩bi˩/ 村的人! /æ̃˩bi˩/ 村的人!
æ̃˩bv˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ poultry_yard. 鸡圈. house.
æ̃˩-kʰv˧˥ noun Tone: LM+MH#.
year_of_the_cock. 鸡年. time.
æ̃˩li˧pʰæ˥ noun Tone: LM+H#.
classifier: pʰæ˧˥ mirror. 镜子. object.
æ̃˩ɬi#˥ noun Tone: LM+#H.
classifier: classifier: individu From: Tibetan bla(olderform:brla). soul. 灵魂. religion.
æ̃˩mi˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: mi˩ hen. 母鸡. animal.

æ̃˩mi˧-æ̃˧ʂwæ˥#
hen and rooster
母鸡与公鸡

æ̃˩mi˧-æ̃˧tsɯ˥#
hen and chick
母鸡与稚鸡
æ̃˩ʁv˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ egg. 蛋. food.

bæ˧mi˧-æ̃˩ʁv˩
cane egg
鸭子蛋

æ̃˩ʁv˩ dzɯ˩˥
to eat eggs
吃蛋
æ̃˩ʂe˧li˥-mo˩ noun Tone: LM+H#-.
chicken_meat_mushroom. 麻母鸡菌. plant.
æ̃˩ʂe˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: kʰwɤ˥ muscle. 肌肉. body.

æ̃˩ʂe˩ tsʰi˩˥
to run a temperature, to have a fever
发烧
æ̃˩zɯ˩ noun Tone: L.
classifier: ɭɯ˧ agate. 玛瑙. clothing.

sɯ˧ɻ˧-æ̃˩zɯ˩
pearl-shaped agate bead
珠子形状的玛瑙

æ̃˩zɯ˩-ʂo˩~ʂo˥
with lots of agate on it (of a piece of clothing)
(衣服上)都镶嵌着玛瑙
æ̃˩˥ noun Tone: LH.
classifier: soul(monosyll.). 灵魂. religion.
æ̃˩˧ noun Tone: LM.
classifier: mi˩ chicken. 鸡. animal.

æ̃˩ dzɯ˥-ze˩
...has eaten (a/some) chicken
吃了鸡

æ̃˩ hwæ˧-ze˧
...has bought (a) chicken
买了鸡

æ̃˩˥, | kʰv˧, | bo˩˥, | hwɤ˧˥, | ʝi˧, | lɑ˧, | tʰo˧li˧, | mv˧gv˧, | bv˧ʐv˧, | ʐwæ˧, | jo˧, | ʑi˩˥
the twelve years of the duodenary cycle
十二个生肖

æ̃˩-mɤ˥
chicken grease, chicken fat
鸡油

æ̃˩-mɤ˥ dzɯ˩
to eat chicken fat
吃鸡油